OPS2303 Complex operations

Emnekode: 
OPS2303
Kursnavn på engelsk: 
Complex operations
Studieprogram: 
Bachelor i militære studier med fordypning i ledelse – Militærmakt og sikkerhetsoperasjoner
Credits: 
7,5
Undervisningssemester: 
2021 Vår
Eksamenssemester: 
2021 Vår
Emneansvarlig: 
Daniel Ekrem Helgesen
Om emnet

This module aims at establishing the cadets' understanding of complex conflicts, and how the different character of conflicts influence the tactical level. Complex operations MILSIK is part of the existing module Complex operations and will follow the progress of this module.

The module will first focus on the one of the most common forms of low-intensity warfare: peacekeeping. You will study the role of peacekeeping in international relations, the origin and development of the concept, its principles and overall tactical approach. Robust peacekeeping and the specific challenges this concept entails will receive special attention. The last part will be conducted as a map exercise where you can apply you knowledge on military planning in the context of a peacekeeping operation.

The last part of the module focusses on the future development of warfare in general, and land power in particular. Part of this are new concepts, which paves the way for doctrinal developments. We also try to see how new and emerging technology might affect land warfare in the near future.

The module will be concluded with a field training exercise within the peacekeeping framework.

English is the working language of this module.

The subjects English and PT will run parallel with the course program and will have classes in each theoretical week.

Læringsutbytte

Knowledge

Upon the completion of the module, the students will be able to:

  • Be aware of the role of peacekeeping in the international system, and the development of peacekeeping over time,
  • Understand and be able to apply the principles of peacekeeping,
  • Understand the ideas of protection of civilians and responsibility to protect and how these influence military operations,
  • Account for major trends and developments which are likely to affect the conduct of land operations on a tactical level in future operations,
  • Be familiar with emerging technologies that may shape the future of land power and their potential consequences for doctrine and organisation of land forces.

 

Skills

Upon the completion of the module, the students will be able to:

  • Plan and lead operations on a tactical level within the framework of contemporary peacekeeping operations,
  • Be able to engage in debates concerning the future of land power.
Praktisk organisering og arbeidsformer

The theoretical part of the module utilises individual studies, cadet driven study groups, lectures and seminars. The main principle is to give the cadets as much time as possible to read, analyse and understand the different topics. Lectures are meant as an arena where the cadets can discuss the topics raised by the syllabus, or to explore specific topics more in-depth. During the seminars, the cadets have the opportunity to test and exchange knowledge with their fellow cadets, and thus expand their own and other’s knowledge. The cadets run the seminars, but instructors will support if needed.

The practical part of the module will utilise a variety of map-exercises, war-games and simulations. The purpose of these is to give the cadets the opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge on practical and realistic exercises.

Pensum

Adams, Audrey (2017). What every planner should know about Cyberspace operations. USNWCJOURNALS > MOC-WARFIGHTER > Vol. 1 > Iss. 10 https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1008&context=moc-warfighter

Amnesty International (2016). If Men Are Caught, They Are Killed, If Women Are Caught, They Are Raped. pp 4-25.

Annan, Kofi (1999), "Two concepts of sovereignty", The Economist (18 Sept).

Beadle, Alexander William (2014). Protection of civilians – military planning scenarios and implications (Oslo: Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt), pp 7-21, 66-67.

Berdal, M. (2000). Lessons not learned: The use of force in ‘peace operations’ in the 1990s. International Peacekeeping, 7(4), 55-74.

Berdal, Mats (2008), "The Security Council and Peacekeeping" in Lowe, Vaughan et.al, The United Nations Security Council and War (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp 175-204.

Cullen, Patrick and Njord Wegge (2019): «Å varsle om hybride trusler», i Stenslie, Stig, Lars Haugom og Brigt Harr Vaage (red): Etterretningsanalyse i den digitale tid. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

Dalsjø, Robert et al (2019) “Bursting the Bubble – Russian A2/AD in the Baltic Region: Capabilities, Countermeasures, and Implications”. FOI. Report 4651. Stockholm. pp 9-20 and 72-79).  https://www.foi.se/rest-api/report/FOI-R--4651--SE

Erskine, Emmanuel A (1989), Mission with UNIFIL: An African Soldier's Reflections (New York: St. Martin's Press), pp 20-49.

Estonian forreign intelligence service (2018) International Security and Estonia. Cyberthreats pp-52-57 https://www.valisluureamet.ee/pdf/raport-2018-ENG-web.pdf#page=54             

Findlay, T (2002). The Use of Force in UN Peace Operations. (New York: Oxford University Press.), pp 9-49, 87-123

Findlay, T. (2002). The Use of Force in UN Peace Operations. (New York: Oxford University Press.), pp124-165.

Greer, Jim (2017). “The Weaker Foe part 2” in The Strategy Bridge. https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/7/11/the-weaker-foe-part-2-transforming-the-army-to-win-as-the-near-peer-competitor?rq=multi%20domain%20battle

Greer, Jim (2017). “The Weaker Foe” in The Strategy Bridge. https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/3/7/the-weaker-foe

Hoffman, Frank (2009) “Hybrid Warfare and Challenges” in Joint Forces Quarterly. Issue 52, 1st Quarter.

ICISS (2001), The Responsibility to Protect, s.xi-xiii, 1-9.

Interview with gen Wesley. https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2019/08/11/this-3-star-army-general-explains-what-multi-domain-operations-mean-for-you/

Jones, Adam (2006), "Bosnia and Kosovo", in Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction (London: Routledge), pp 212-224.

Kaldor, Mary, Old Wars, Cold Wars, New Wars and the War on Terror, lecture at London School of Economics (Feb 2005).

Karlsrud, John and Osland, Kari M (2016), “Between self-interest and solidarity: Norway’s return to UN peacekeeping?”, International Peacekeeping, 23:5, 784-803.                                

Kelly, Max and Giffen, Allison (2011). Military Planning to Protect Civilians: Proposed Guidance for United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (Washington: Stimson Center), pp 13-35.

Kjeksrud, Stian, Beadle, Alexander og Lindquist, Petter (2016). Protecting Civilians from violence, Oslo: FFI/ NODEFIC, pp 1-26.

Ofer Fridman, “Hybrid Warfare or Gribidnaya Voyna,” The RUSI Journal 162, no.1 (Feb/March 2017): pp.42-49.

Oscar (2019): The Russian understanding of war. Blurring the lines between war and peace. Washington DC: Georgetown University press, pp 1-21.

Palazzo, Albert (2017). “Multi-Domain Battle: The Echo of the Past” in The Strategy Bridge. https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/10/11/multi-domain-battle-the-echo-of-the-past?rq=multi%20domain%20battle

Rid, T & McBurney, P (2012) Cyber-Weapons. The RUSI Journal 157 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03071847.2012.664354

Rid, T (2012) "Cyber War Will Not Take Place" Journal of Strategic Studies, vol 35, no 1, 5–32, Feb, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01402390.2011.608939

Robert Johnson, “Hybrid War and its Countermeasures: A critique of the literature,” Small Wars and Insurgencies 29, no.1 (2018): pp.141-163

Scales, Robert (2019). “Tactical Art in Future Wars” in: War on the Rocks. https://warontherocks.com/2019/03/tactical-art-in-future-wars/

Smith, Rupert (2007). “Thinking about the utility of force in war amongst the people”, in On New Wars, ed. John Andreas Olsen, pp 28-43.

Spreckelsen (2018). Electronic Warfare – The forgotten dicipline. Joint air power competence centre. Transforming Joint Air Power: The Journal of the JAPCC vol. 27 pp.41-45 https://www.japcc.org/wp-content/uploads/JAPCC_J27_screen.pdf#page=4

Taylor, Kurt and Kay, Larry (2019). “Putting the enemy between a Rock and a Hard Place: Multi-Domain Operations in Practice”. Modern War Institute. West Point.
https://mwi.usma.edu/putting-enemy-rock-hard-place-multi-domain-operations-practice/

Tharoor, Shashi (1995), "Should UN peacekeeping go 'back to basics'?", Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, 37(4), pp 52-64.

The initiation of UNIFIL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXIVvOoZ2Jk

The SUEZ crisis and the background for UNEF I. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBNIrYU5G3M

TRADOC (2018) “The U.S. Army in Multi-Domain Operations 2028”. pp. 5-46 https://www.tradoc.army.mil/Portals/14/Documents/MDO/TP525-3-1_30Nov2018.pdf   

UN Doc. UNSC Res/1291(2000), pp 1-6.

UN Doc. UNSC Res. 425, 426 and 427.

United Nations (1978). Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 425 (1978). 

United Nations (1996), “UNPROFOR” in The Blue Helmets. (New York: UN Department of Public Information), s. 556-563.

United Nations (1996). “United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)” in The Blue Helmets. (New York: UN Department of Public Information), pp 83-85, 88-96.                      

United Nations (2000), Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations [Brahimi Report], pp 9-12, 14-20.

United Nations (2008). United Nations Peacekeeping Operations. Principles and Guidelines. pp13-40, 47-52.

VurderingsformGrupperingVarighetVarighetstypeKarakterskalaAndelJusterende muntligKommentarHjelpemidler
Individuell paperinnleveringIndividuell6Uke(r)A-F 100%Not required The students are required to write an essay of 3,500 words during the module. Questions for the essay will be handed out at the start and the students are expected to hand in their essay at the end of the module. The essay will be graded A-F and will count for 100% of the grade in the module
Vurderinger:
Vurderingsform:Individuell paperinnlevering
Gruppering:Individuell
Varighet:6
Varighetstype:Uke(r)
Karakterskala:A-F
Andel: 100%
Justerende muntlig:Not required
Kommentar:
Hjelpemidler:The students are required to write an essay of 3,500 words during the module. Questions for the essay will be handed out at the start and the students are expected to hand in their essay at the end of the module. The essay will be graded A-F and will count for 100% of the grade in the module
Forfattere: 
Daniel Ekrem Helgesen