OPS2303 Complex operations

Kursnavn på engelsk: 
Complex operations
Bachelor i militære studier med fordypning i ledelse – Militærmakt og sikkerhetsoperasjoner
2021 Vår
2021 Vår
Daniel Ekrem Helgesen
Om emnet

This module aims at establishing the cadets' understanding of complex conflicts, and how the different character of conflicts influence the tactical level. Complex operations MILSIK is part of the existing module Complex operations and will follow the progress of this module.

The module will first focus on the one of the most common forms of low-intensity warfare: peacekeeping. You will study the role of peacekeeping in international relations, the origin and development of the concept, its principles and overall tactical approach. Robust peacekeeping and the specific challenges this concept entails will receive special attention. The last part will be conducted as a map exercise where you can apply you knowledge on military planning in the context of a peacekeeping operation.

The last part of the module focusses on the future development of warfare in general, and land power in particular. Part of this are new concepts, which paves the way for doctrinal developments. We also try to see how new and emerging technology might affect land warfare in the near future.

The module will be concluded with a field training exercise within the peacekeeping framework.

English is the working language of this module.

The subjects English and PT will run parallel with the course program and will have classes in each theoretical week.



Upon the completion of the module, the students will be able to:

  • Be aware of the role of peacekeeping in the international system, and the development of peacekeeping over time,
  • Understand and be able to apply the principles of peacekeeping,
  • Understand the ideas of protection of civilians and responsibility to protect and how these influence military operations,
  • Account for major trends and developments which are likely to affect the conduct of land operations on a tactical level in future operations,
  • Be familiar with emerging technologies that may shape the future of land power and their potential consequences for doctrine and organisation of land forces.



Upon the completion of the module, the students will be able to:

  • Plan and lead operations on a tactical level within the framework of contemporary peacekeeping operations,
  • Be able to engage in debates concerning the future of land power.
Praktisk organisering og arbeidsformer

The theoretical part of the module utilises individual studies, cadet driven study groups, lectures and seminars. The main principle is to give the cadets as much time as possible to read, analyse and understand the different topics. Lectures are meant as an arena where the cadets can discuss the topics raised by the syllabus, or to explore specific topics more in-depth. During the seminars, the cadets have the opportunity to test and exchange knowledge with their fellow cadets, and thus expand their own and other’s knowledge. The cadets run the seminars, but instructors will support if needed.

The practical part of the module will utilise a variety of map-exercises, war-games and simulations. The purpose of these is to give the cadets the opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge on practical and realistic exercises.


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Beadle, Alexander William (2014). Protection of civilians – military planning scenarios and implications (Oslo: Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt), pp 7-21, 66-67.

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Berdal, Mats (2008), "The Security Council and Peacekeeping" in Lowe, Vaughan et.al, The United Nations Security Council and War (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp 175-204.

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VurderingsformGrupperingVarighetVarighetstypeKarakterskalaAndelJusterende muntligKommentarHjelpemidler
Individuell paperinnleveringIndividuell6Uke(r)A-F 100%Not required The students are required to write an essay of 3,500 words during the module. Questions for the essay will be handed out at the start and the students are expected to hand in their essay at the end of the module. The essay will be graded A-F and will count for 100% of the grade in the module
Vurderingsform:Individuell paperinnlevering
Andel: 100%
Justerende muntlig:Not required
Hjelpemidler:The students are required to write an essay of 3,500 words during the module. Questions for the essay will be handed out at the start and the students are expected to hand in their essay at the end of the module. The essay will be graded A-F and will count for 100% of the grade in the module
Daniel Ekrem Helgesen