MILM1103 The Officer and War

Course code: 
MILM1103
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Offiseren og krigen
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Credits: 
7,5
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching semester: 
2020 Autumn
Assessment semester: 
2019 Autumn
Language of instruction: 
Norwegian
Person in charge: 
André Berg Thomstad
Course content

The Officer and War builds on the preceding course “The Officer, State and Society”, and will introduce the student to basic historical and theoretical perspectives on the use of military force.

The course will provide the student with a knowledge of fundamental aspects of military operations and the changing nature and character of war both in a historical perspective and contemporary context.

It will also provide an understanding of the conditions that distinguish military activity from other human activity, including uncertainty, friction and the use of massive violence. Moreover, the student will understand the ethics and legislation of war for the purpose of understanding the demands that war imposes on the officers who are to lead other soldiers. After completion of the course, the student will have a basic understanding of key theories on war and warfare, including why and how we can carry out military operations as part of the state’s assault apparatus.

The course is built around three key questions within military theory.

The questions are:

  • What is war?
  • Why is war waged?
  • How is war waged?

The course is practice-orientated and emphasises lectures, teamwork and reflections.

Learning outcome

Knowledge

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • explain what military theory and military doctrines are
  • discuss the main difference between Clausewitz’s and Jomini’s theories on war
  • defining war based on Clausewitz’s theory
  • describe which ethical and international legal framework conditions and norms apply in war
  • provide reasons for why war exists, including human, political, governmental, geopolitical, moral and religious reasons
  • explain military technological developments from 1st to 4th generation warfare
  • describe key theories of land power, sea power and air power
  • explain what is meant by the levels of war, including tactical, operational, military strategic and political strategic levels
  • explain what characterises modern military powers
  • describe the dimensions and agencies of the operation environment
  • discuss how the changing nature and character of war can affect the officer

 

Skills

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • apply theoretical knowledge to discuss the ethical and legal challenges regarding the use of military force
  • apply theoretical knowledge to explain the paradoxes of war, including surprise, risk, friction, an adversary’s opposing will, culmination and success
Working and learning activities

The  is carried out over three weeks at the Norwegian Military Academy’s Camp Linderud with a subsequent individual, written home exam. The implementation of the course will include self-study and lectures (both online and in class). In addition, the implementation of the course leads up to reflections and discussions in groups, with presentations in class. The student should also expect some individual, digitised work tasks.

Sensor system

Examination is carried out according to the Regulations for Admission, Studies and Examinations (in Norwegian, “Forskrift for opptak, studier og eksamen”) at the Norwegian Defence University College

Curriculum

Totalt antall sider: 688

 

Aron, R. (1994). Biological and Psychological Roots. I L. Freedman (Red.), War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 77 – 81 (4 s.)

Brown, S. (1994). Structural factors. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 99 – 105 (5 s.)

Cohen, S. B. (1994). Geopolitics. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 81 – 85 (4 s.)

Creveld, M.v. (1994). Why men fight. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 85 – 89 (5 s.)

Doyle, M. W. (1994). Liberal states and War. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 105 – 107 (2 s.)

Forsvarets Stabsskole (2014). Forsvarets Fellesoperative Doktrine. Oslo. Forsvarets Høgskole, pkt. 01001 – 01011 (4 s.) og pkt. 02001 – 02093 (28 s.)

Gade, J.G & Hilde, P.S. (2016). Å gå til krig – et politisk perspektiv. I M. Andersen & G. Ødegaard (Red.), Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, s. 73 - 88 (16 s.)

Gilpin, R. (1994). Hegemonic war and international change. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 94 – 95 (1 s.)

Gran, B. (2012). Landmilitær teori - manøvrere, ramme og skjerme. I H. Høiback & P. Ydstebø (Red.), Krigens vitenskap - en innføring i militærteori, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, s. 120 - 179 (59 s.)

Howard, H. & Paret, P. (1993). Book One. On the Nature of War. I Howard, H. & Paret (Red.). Carl von Clausewitz. On War. London: Everyman’s Library, s.83 – 142 (59 s.)

Howard, H. & Paret, P. (1993). Book Two. On the Theory of War. I Howard, H. & Paret (Red.). Carl von Clausewitz. On War. London: Everyman’s Library, s.145 – 171 (26 s.)

Høiback, H. (2012). Luftmakt - høyde, hastighet og rekkevidde. I H. Høiback & P. Ydstebø (Red.), Krigens vitenskap - en innføring i militærteori, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, s. 253 - 301 (48 s.)

Høiback, H. (2012). Militærteoretisk idéhistorie. I H. Høiback & P. Ydstebø (Red.), Krigens vitenskap - en innføring i militærteori, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, s. 78 - 120 (42 s.)

Høiback, H. (2016). Hva er krig? I M. Andersen & G. Ødegaard (Red.), Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, s. 59 - 72 (14 s.)

Karsh, E. (1994). The Causes of War. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 65 – 68 (4 s.)

Khaldun, I. (1994). Four kinds of war. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 89 – 90 (1 s.)

Lenin, Vladimir. (1994). Socialism and War. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 95 – 99 (4 s.)

Luttwak, E.N. (2001). Strategy. The Logic of War and Peace. London: The Belknapp Press of Harvard University Press, s. 1 – 87 (87 s.)

Matlary, J. H. (2009). Når krig blir fred og fred blir krig: Etiske utfordringer for soldaten. I N.T. og J.H. Matlary (Red.), Etikk og militærmakt, Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk, s.205 - 225 (21 s.)

Nilsen, J. T. (2012). Sjømaktsteorier - strategi eller teori? I H. Høiback & P. Ydstebø (Red.), Krigens vitenskap - en innføring i militærteori, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, s. 180 - 252 (72 s.)

Regan, R. J. (2013). Afghanistan (1998 – 2014?). I Regan, R.J. Just War. Principles and cases. Second Edition. Washington, D.C: The Catholic University of America Press, s. 225 – 230 (6 s.)

Regan, R. J. (2013). Libya (2011). I Regan, R.J. Just War. Principles and cases. Second Edition. Washington, D.C: The Catholic University of America Press, s. 231 – 235 (4 s.)

Regan, R. J. (2013). New regimes, Islamist militants, and Western security. I Regan, R.J. Just War. Principles and cases. Second Edition. Washington, D.C: The Catholic University of America Press, s. 236 – 241 (5 s.)

Regan, R. J. (2013). The Falklands War (1982). I Regan, R.J. Just War. Principles and cases. Second Edition. Washington, D.C: The Catholic University of America Press, s. 154 – 162 (8 s.)

Regan, R. J. (2013). The invasion and reconstruction of Iraq (2003 – 2012). I Regan, R.J. Just War. Principles and cases. Second Edition. Washington, D.C: The Catholic University of America Press, s. 219 – 224 (5 s.)

Sannem, J. (2018). Krigens folkerett. I Eidhamar, A. & Sannem, J. (Red.). Jus og militærmakt, Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk, s. 29 - 69 (40 s.)

Sheffield, G. (2000). The Impact of Two Revolutions. I Trew, S. & Sheffield, G. (Red.), 100 Years of Conflict. 1900 – 2000. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited, s. 1 – 8 (7 s.)

Sheffield, G. (2000). The Impact of Two Revolutions. I Trew, S. & Sheffield, G. (Red.), 100 Years of Conflict. 1900 – 2000. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited, s. 8 – 20 (12 s.)

Shy, J. (1986). Jomini. I Paret, P. (Red.), Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, s. 143 – 185 (42 s.)

Syse, H. (2003). Rettferdig krig? Om militærmakt, etikk og idealer. Oslo: Aschehoug & Co., s. 47 - 61 (15 s.)

Trew, S. (200). New Ideas about Land Warfare, 1919-39. I Trew, S. & Sheffield, G. (Red.), 100 Years of Conflict. 1900 – 2000. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited, s. 103 – 124 (21 s.)

Waltz, K. (1994). Man, the State, and War. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 71 – 76 (6 s.)

Wiest, A. (2000). The Birth of Modern Land Warfare: The Western Front 1914-1918. I Trew, S. & Sheffield, G. (Red.), 100 Years of Conflict. 1900 – 2000. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited, s. 44 – 63 (12 s.)

Wight, M. (1994). Wars of Gain, Fear and Doctrine. I L. Freedman (Red.) War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 90 – 94 (3 s.)

Wright, Q. (1994). Definitions of War. I L. Freedman (Red.), War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 69 – 70 (2 s.)

Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
Written take-home examIndividual1,5DaysA-F100 %Not required
Vurderinger:
Form of assessment:Written take-home exam
Grouping:Individual
Duration:1,5
Type of duration:Days
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:100 %
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:
Supported materials:
Workload activityDurationType of durationComment
Gruppearbeid12Hours
Forventet arbeidsinnsats:
Workload activity:Gruppearbeid
Duration:12
Type of duration:Hours
Comment: