MILM1102 The Officer, State and Society

Course code: 
MILM1102
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Offiseren, staten og samfunnet
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Credits: 
7,5
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching semester: 
2020 Autumn
Assessment semester: 
2020 Autumn
Language of instruction: 
Norwegian
Person in charge: 
Torunn Laugen Haaland
Course content

The course will give the cadets an introduction to the profession that she / he will become a part of, including the profession's relationship with the Norwegian state and the Norwegian society. The cadets will acquire a basis for understanding and reflecting on the officer's role, scope and responsibility in the exercise of military power on behalf of the state and society. This includes how decisions about the use of military power are made and how the exercise of military power is influenced by the society it assumes. The course gives the cadets an introduction to Norwegian security and defense policy, including central international and legal frameworks for Norwegian security and the use of military power.

The course is composed of the following topics:

  • What is a profession and what characterizes the military profession?
  • The mutual influence between society and the military power from 1750 to today.
  • Norwegian defense and security policy from the Cold War to today, including international and legal framework conditions.
Learning outcome

Learning outcome

Knowledge

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • explain what a profession is and compare the military profession with other professions within Norwegian society.
  • explain the context and influence between society, politics, and military power by presenting key examples of such contexts and influences from 1750 to the present. 
  • understand various normative views on the relationship between society and the military profession.
  • understand various academic methods for researching the relationship between society and the military profession.
  • give an account of Norway’s security policy objectives and the Norwegian Armed Forces’ role in Norwegian security policy from the Cold War to the present.
  • account for how the Great Powers, the UN, the EU and NATO, along with international law affect Norwegian defence and security policy. 

Skills

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • apply knowledge of the military profession to reflect on their own role as a future officer and the ethical requirements imposed on the individual in the military profession.
  • disseminate their own knowledge of the field in a precise and structured manner. 

General competence

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • reflect on the military profession’s place in Norwegian society and the role of military power in international politics.
Working and learning activities

The course is divided into three main sections.

Section 1 addresses the characteristics of the profession and compares military values, culture and organisation with the same phenomena in civil society. The formal frameworks for the use of military power is reviewed. Two classical views of the military profession and two methodological approaches to the study of the profession are highlighted.

Section 2 addresses the historical development of the mutual influence between military power and the society it is part of. The connection between democratisation, conscription, militarism and the development of total war is illustrated.

Section 3 addresses the Norwegian Armed Forces as an instrument for security policy and discusses Norwegian security policy from the Cold War to the present day. Important factors such as international law, Norway’s geographical location, Norwegian membership within NATO and the United Nations, as well as being outside of the EU are also reviewed. Section 3 concludes with current security policy challenges and the role of the Norwegian Armed Forces in the handling of these.

Within each section, the cadets will receive a group assignment and/or individual assignments which will contribute to the learning and reflections on the topics within the course.

Sensor system

Examination is carried out according to the Regulations for Admission, Studies and Examinations (in Norwegian, “Forskrift for opptak, studier og eksamen”) at the Norwegian Defence University College.

Curriculum

Week 1:

Busch, T. (2012). Verdibasert ledelse i offentlige profesjoner. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget (side 13-79).

Forsvarsdepartementet (2015). Forsvarssektorens verdigrunnlag. Oslo: Departementenes servicesenter (ca 10 sider).

Gjeseth, Gullow (2012). 'Politisk vilje' i D. Leerand (red.), intops. Norske soldater. Internasjonale operasjoner. Politisk vilje. Militær evne. Personlig innsats. Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet (side 341-351).

Huntington, S. P. (1957). The soldier and the state. The theory and politics of civil-military relations. Cambridge: Belknap Press (side 59-97).

Janowitz, M. (1960). The professional soldier: a social and political portrait. New York: Free Press of Glencoe (side 3-17).

Lunde, N. T. (2009a). Hvorfor har vi et forsvar. In N. T. Lunde & J. H. Matlary (Eds.), Etikk og militærmakt. Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk (side 67-83).

Lunde, N. T. (2009b). Møte med Forsvaret. In N. T. Lunde & J. H. Matlary (Eds.), Etikk og militærmakt. Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk (side 47-64).

Sannem, J. A., & Eidhamar, A. (Upublisert manuskript). Juss og etikk for Forsvaret (side 6-28).

Totland, O. M. (2014), 'Kjønn og kultur i Forsvaret' i A. Schølset, Gender i Forsvaret. Fra teori til praksis. Oslo: Abstrakt forlag (side 65-94).

Waaler, G. (2009). "Hjem igjen reiser du alene". In N. T. Lunde & J. H. Matlary (Eds.), Etikk og militærmakt. Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk (side 309-323).

Week 2:

Hobson, R. (2005). Krig og strategisk tenking i Europa 1500-1945. Oslo: Cappelen akademisk forlag (side 131-371).

Håkenstad, Magnus, 'Den væpnede dugnaden - totalforsvaret under den kalde krigen', i Per M. Norheim-Martinsen (red.), Det nye totalforsvaret (Oslo:Gyldendal, side 25-40)

Week 3:

Gjeseth, Gullow (2012), 'Politisk vilje' i D. Leerand (red.), intops. Norske soldater. Internasjonale operasjoner. Politisk vilje. Militær evne. Personlig innsats. Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet (side 341-351).

Bogen, O. og M. Håkenstad (2015), Balansegang. Forsvarets omstilling etter den kalde krigen. Oslo: Dreyer (kap 7, side 333-353).

Johansen, S.R. og J.T. Staib (2009). Jus og militærmakt. Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk (kap 5, side 127-160).

Kalnes, Ø.K, O.G. Austvik og H.S Røhr (2010), Internasjonale relasjoner. En akkurat passe lang introduksjon. Oslo: Cappelen akademisk forlag (kapittel 2, side 35-88).

Nyhamar, T. (2012) 'Utviklingen av intops etter 1945', i D. Leerand (red.), intops. Norske soldater. Internasjonale operasjoner. Politisk vilje. Militær evne. Personlig innsats. Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet (side 168-179).

Tamnes, R. (2019), 'Småstatsrealisme i 70 år', Internasjonal politikk, 77 (1) (side 49-59).

Tamnes, R. og K. Einar Eriksen (1999), 'Norge og NATO under den kalde krigen', i NATO 50 år. Norsk sikkerhetspolitikk med NATO gjennom 50 år. Oslo: Den norske Atlanterhavskomite (side 7-38).

Totalt antall sider: 661

Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
Home examIndividual1,5DaysA-F100Not required
Vurderinger:
Form of assessment:Home exam
Grouping:Individual
Duration:1,5
Type of duration:Days
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:100
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:
Supported materials: