OPS4102 Joint Military Operations 2

Course code: 
OPS4102
Full course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Militære fellesoperasjoner 2
Program of study: 
Master i militære studier
Credits: 
7,5
Level of study: 
Master
Teaching semester: 
2021 Spring
Assessment semester: 
2021 Spring
Person in charge: 
Bård Ravn
Required prerequisite courses: 
OPS4101 Militære fellesoperasjoner 1
Course content

The course Joint Military Operations 2 aims to ensure a specialised level of knowledge and skills concerning how joint military operations are planned, managed and implemented. Based on military theoretical perspectives and the basis for doctrines taught in the course Joint Military Operations 1, Joint Military Operations 2 will largely focus on the skill aspects of the military core competence. The ability to apply knowledge and insights regarding relevant conditions that affect the planning and implementation of military operations is at the heart of the military profession. The course is presented in accordance with this up to extensive practical experiential learning based on theoretical studies previously covered in the programme.

The course is based on operations at an operational level, and the understanding of how political and military strategic objectives are translated into military operations and tactical actions. For officers who are planning, leading and conducting operations, at any level, it is essential that they know and understand the possibilities and limitations at the lower levels of the organisation as well as the intentions and objectives at higher levels. Therefore, the exercise of operational art and the interaction between what was traditionally described as the military strategic, operational and tactical levels have a central place within the course.

Joint military operations include the application of military force within a joint operational framework. Within the course, emphasis is placed on how different military force components and joint functions can be utilised in an efficient manner within a joint operation. These days, the majority of operations are of a multinational character and during the course, planning and implementation will be made within a scenario-based NATO context. 

Tangible cultural, ethical and legal perspectives, in addition to frameworks are discussed and problematised during the course.

Learning outcome

Knowledge

After completion of the course, the student is able to:

  • analyse joint operational planning and implementation processes within NATO

Skills

After completion of the course, the student is able to:

  • apply knowledge and insights regarding how politics, military strategy, the operational environment- including various cultural and gender perspectives, legal frameworks and ethics affect the planning, management and implementation of joint operations
  • Apply NATO's methodology for operational planning and the conceptual apparatus associated with this. Through practical application, the students will develop an insight into, and have a critical approach to, established planning tools and processes at the operational level.
  • apply the processes and procedures that work within a joint operational headquarters

General competence

After completion of the course, the student is able to:

  • put into practice theoretical knowledge of joint operations
Working and learning activities

The course Joint Military Operations 2 will be thematically divided into two sections. A principal aim of both themes within the course is to unite theory and practice in key elements of the exercise of the military profession. The first section of the course (three weeks) will deal with the planning phase of a joint operation. Through practical planning, the students will have to relate to, and apply, theoretical knowledge about how political framework conditions, military strategic objectives and the operational environment affect planning. The teaching will be as practice-based as possible, which will be achieved by the students working together within task forces under close professional supervision. Great emphasis is placed on exploiting the various experience and competence of the students within this work. The first section of the course is labour intensive, and work must be done outside of the normal school hours.

The second section of the course (3 weeks) will deal with the implementation phase of a joint operation. A headquarters exercise is carried out where students fill relevant positions within HQ. The exercise starts with one week of Battle Staff Training where the students receive a theoretical introduction to the processes and procedures used within a operational headquarters during the implementation of a joint operation. In addition, extensive functional supervision will be implemented, adapted to each student's role during the exercise. The aim is for the students to build up a basic understanding of how complex issues can be dealt with and coordinated in the three time horizons (current, mid-term, long-term) during the implementation of a joint operation, as well as what individual functions contribute to the processes. Principally, the headquarters exercise is carried out over two weeks, where the students implement parts of a joint operation as an established headquarters. In addition to the more overriding procedural issues, academic questions within ethics, operational law, culture and gender, as well as cooperation with international organisations, will be emphasised. During the headquarters exercise, the students will also be supervised closely by professionals, and at the same time, the exploitation of the students’ foundational experiences will be emphasised.

In the last week of the course, self-study, reflection and examination will be carried out.

Curriculum

Andersen, M & Johansen, H. (2016). Kommandostrukturen og det operasjonelle nivå. I: Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring, redigert av Morten Andersen og Geir Ødegaard. Oslo: Abstrakt Forlag, s. 43-56 (13 s.).

Butler, J.P. (2014). Godzilla Mehodology. Means for determining Center of Gravity. Joint Force Quarterly ( 1st Quarter 2014) issue 72, 2014, s. 26 – 30 (5 s.).

Dobson-Keefe, N & Coaker, W. (2015). Thinking More Rationally. Cognitive biases and the Joint Military Appreciation Process. Australia: Department of Defence (10 s).

Forsvaret (2013). Manual i krigens folkerett. Oslo: Forsvarets Høgskole, s. 295-303 (9 s.).

Lauder, Matthew (2009). Systemic Operational Design: Freeing Operational Planning from the Shackles of Linearity. Canadian Military Journal Vol 9, No. 4, 2009, s. 41-49 (8 s.).

Libya-utvalget (2018). Evaluering av norsk deltakelse I Libya-operasjonen. Oslo: Departementenes sikkerhets- og serviceorganisasjon, s. 135-152 (18s.).

Liwång, H, Ericson, M & Bang, M (2014). An examination of the implementation of risk based approaches in military operations. Journal of Military Studies 5(2) s. 1-26 (26 s.).

Ljøterud, S. (2016). Planlegging av fellesoperasjoner. I: Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring, redigert av Morten Andersen og Geir Ødegaard. Oslo: Abstrakt Forlag, s. 413-434 (22 s.).

Marshall, Jeffrey (2011). Managing Assumptions in Planning and Execution. Joint Force Quarterly (JFQ) issue 60, 2011, s. 115-119 (5 s.).

Metz, Steven (1991). Analyzing Strategic and Operational Risk. Military Review, 1991, s. 78 – 80 (3 s.).

NATO (2010). AJP-3.4 (A), Allied Joint Doctrine for Non-Article 5 Crisis Response Operations. Brussels: NATO Standardization Agency, kap 1, 2 og 3 (41 s.).

NATO (2013) Allied Command Operations Comprehensive Operations Planning Directive COPD Interim V2.0. Mons: Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe. S. 4-32 – 4-118, 5-1 – 5-19, A-1 – A-5 (110 s.).

NATO (2016). AJP-2 (A), Allied Joint Doctrine for Intelligence, Counter-Intelligence and Security. Brussels: NATO Standardization Agency, kap 2, 3 og 4 (37 s.).

NATO (2018). AJP-3(C), Conduct of Operations (Pre RD). Brussel: NATO, s. 2-1 – 5-8, A-1 – A-A9, C-1 – C-11, D-1 – D-12 (69 s.).

Nord, K & Andersen, M. (2016). «Gjennomføring av fellesoperasjoner». I: Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring, redigert av Morten Andersen og Geir Ødegaard. Oslo: Abstrakt Forlag, s. 435-460 (25 s.).

Perla, P & McGrady, E. (2011). Why Wargaming Works. Naval War College Review. Spring 2006, Vol. 59. No 2 (21 s).

Ravn, B. (2016). «Operations Assessment – vurdering av fremgang og resultater». I: Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring, redigert av Morten Andersen og Geir Ødegaard. Oslo: Abstrakt Forlag, s. 461-473 (13 s.).

Rubel, R. (2006). The Epistemology of War Gaming. Naval War College Review. Spring 2006, Vol. 59. No 2 (21 s).

Rueschoff, J & Dunne, J. (2011). Centers of Gravity from the “Inside Out”. Joint Forces Quarterly 60 (1st Quarter 2011), s. 120 – 125 (5 s.).

Smith, D, Jeter, K & Westgaard, O. (2015). Three Approaches to Center of Gravity Analysis. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Joint Forces Quarterly 78 (3rd Quarter 2015), s. 129 – 136 (8 s.).

Tanner, J. (1998). Operational Risk Management at the Operational Level of War. USA: Naval War College (17s.).

Vego, M. (2008). Joint Operational Warfare:Theory and Practice. Stockholm: Swedish National Defence College, s. v97 – v136 (39 s.).

Zweibelson, B. (2015). Gravity-free Decision-making. Avoiding Clausewitz’s Strategic Pull. Australia: Department of Defence (42 s).

 

Støttelitteratur (96 sider):

NATO (2010). Functional planning guidance – logistics v.3.1. Brussels: NATO, 43-66 (23 s.).

NATO (2013). Bi-SC, Joint operational guidelines for logistics. Brussels: NATO, s. 1-1 – 3-15 (39 s.).

NATO (2015). Gender Functional Planning Guide. Mons: SHAPE (34 s.).

Mandatory courseworkCourseworks givenCourseworks requiredPresence requiredComment
Øvinger 1 Required
Obligatoriske arbeidskrav:
Mandatory coursework:Øvinger
Courseworks given: 1
Courseworks required:
Presence required:Required
Comment:
Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
MappevurderingIndividual -A-F 100 %Not required
Vurderinger:
Form of assessment:Mappevurdering
Grouping:Individual
Duration:
Type of duration:-
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion: 100 %
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:
Supported materials:
Authors: 
Bård Ravn