MILM2403 The RNAF and crisis management

Course code: 
MILM2403
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Luftforsvaret og krisehåndtering
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Credits: 
15
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching semester: 
2023 Spring
Assessment semester: 
2023 Spring
Language of instruction: 
Norwegian / English
Person in charge: 
Ann Karin Larssen
Course content

The course provides knowledge about the political, strategic and tactical levels of management, and the framework that sets for and affects the use of air power in crises. The course provides cadets with increased insight into decision-making processes in national crisis management, including the knowledge of the different actors, roles, tasks and responsibilities. The course will further provide knowledge about the use of the RNAF's capabilities and capacities in the management of national crises. The course will enable cadets to explore strengths and weaknesses using the RNAF's capabilities in different emergency scenarios.

Learning outcome

Knowledge

On completion of the course, you will be able to:

  • Account for the different actors and their interest in the northern regions
  • Describe the strategic, operational and tactical level of leadership in Norway, as well as the strategic and operational management level of NATO
  • Account for the national crisis management system and the principles of control and enforcement of Norwegian sovereignty and sovereign rights
  • Explain how civil society exercises control of the Norwegian Armed Forces and the framework for military assistance to civil society
  • Explain allied and national ground plans for crisis management
  • Describe the RNAF's command and control systems in crisis-management situations
  • Describe the RNAF's capabilities and capacities and methods of application in the management of crises.
  • Account for factors affecting situational awareness and decision-making processes in crisis management at the different levels
  • Use an English vocabulary that facilitates discussions within a wide range of subjects and the communication of your own reflections and arguments, as well as exploring and discussing issues relevant to the courses overall and subjects during the semester
  • Account for the importance of physical and mental capacities in different situations

Skills

On completion of the course, you will be able to:

  • Understand how legislation and policy decisions set frameworks for military crisis management in the northern regions
  • Weigh up what is politically wise against what is militarily feasible
  • Apply professional knowledge of air force power and military air force command in order to exercise leadership in different roles
  • Reflect on the application of ground plans at different levels and the strengths and weaknesses of the ground plan.
  • Communicate, both orally and in writing, the results and resolution proposals in the management of crises.
  • Read and understand English language texts that deal with current events, and communicate your own reflections and analyses of the content in idiomatically correct English in the correct register.
  • Master demanding situations, both mentally and physically

General Competence

On completion of the course, you will be able to:

  • Account for strategic decision-making, the national crisis management system and the civilian governance of military power
  • Reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of the Norwegian crisis management system
  • Account for the RNAF's contribution to Norwegian crisis management in the northern regions, in a Norwegian and allied context, along with the strengths and weaknesses of the RNAF's capabilities and capacities.
  • Discuss the positive effects of physical activity and good physical fitness
Working and learning activities

Implementation

Classroom instruction, discussions, group assignments and practical arenas.

‘Discussion exercise – Crisis in the North.’

The course includes a study trip to Oslo, with visits to key actors in connection with national and International crisis management (Parliament; The Ministry of Justice and Public Security; the Ministry of Defence/Defence Staff; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Intelligence Service).

Following Phases 7 and 8 of Semester 3, a crisis management exercise of up to one week's duration is set up, based on the academic material of the two courses.

Subjects:

Phase 7 includes the following subjects:

  •  Actors and their interest in the northern regions
  •  Different crises and crisis management systems
  •  MILM2403 The RNAF and crisis management
  • English: Current affairs
  • Military sport

Subject 1: Actors and their interest in the northern regions

  • Norwegian interests, challenges and different actors in the northern regions (Svalbard; natural resources, actors: Russia, EU, China).
  • The national and international laws governing Norwegian interests in the northern regions.
  • Russia's economic and military interests in the Arctic; operative patterns and relations with Norway in the northern regions.
  • The military’s/RNAF's safeguarding of Norwegian sovereignty and rights in the northern regions on a daily basis and in any emergency situations.
  • Allied assistance for the Norwegian safeguarding of sovereignty and sovereign rights for everyday and emergency situations.

Subject 2: Different crises and crisis management systems

  • Intended and unintentional crises
  • The strategic and operational management level in Norway and NATO.
  • The national crisis management system at the strategic and operational levels, with an emphasis on security policy crises (government, parliament, civil service, Norwegian Joint Headquarters; NJHQ, the National Air Operations Centre; NAOC, NATO).
  • Explain how civil society exercises control of the Norwegian Armed Forces, and the framework for military assistance to civil society
  • How crises arise, evolve and can be dealt with politically and militarily
  •  The RNAF's roles in the command chain of Norwegian crisis preparedness.

Subject 3: MILM2403 The RNAF and crisis management

  • The characteristics of military air force command.
  • Command and control in the management and practice of crisis-management situations at the operational and tactical levels.
  • The RNAF's capabilities in crisis management
  • The suitability of the different capacities in different crises
  • The leader's role, responsibility and authority
  • The normative document for the management of crises. Legislation, doctrines, ground plans, national and allied emergency systems.
  • Corporate management in crises.
  • Decision-making theory and decision-making processes in different crises
  • Perception and situational awareness
Sensor system

Examination is carried out according to the Regulations for Admission, Studies and Examinations (in Norwegian, “Forskrift om opptak, studier og eksamen”) at the Norwegian Defence University College.

Curriculum

(Lover, instrukser og planverk er oppslagsverk og ikke lagt inn med sidetall.)

Angstrom, J. og Petersson, M. (2019). Weak party escalation: An underestimated strategy for small states? Journal of Strategic Studies, vol. 42, s. 282-300. (16 sider).

Beredskapssystem for Forsvarssektoren (begrenset).

Bjerga, K. I. og Håkenstad, M. (2013). Hvem eier krisen? Politi, forsvar og 22. juli.  I T. Heier & A. Kjølberg (red.), Mellom fred og krig. Norsk militær krisehåndtering (s. 54-74). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. (20 sider)

Børresen, J. (2011). Torskekrig! Om forutsetninger og rammer for kyststatens bruk av makt. Oslo: Abstrakt forlag. Kap. 1 Om maktens rolle og funksjon i forholdet mellom stater (s. 31-88), og Konklusjon (s. 219-230).  (49 sider).

Dyndal, G. L. & og Simonsen, S. (2013). Krisehåndtering i Fiskevernsonen – mellom jus og interessepolitikk. Norsk Militært Tidsskrift, nr. 1, s. 12-22. (11 sider).

Dyndal, G. L. (2015). Etterretning og overvåkning i nordområdene. I T. Heier & A. Kjølberg (red.), Norge og Russland. Sikkerhetspolitiske utfordringer i nordområdene (s. 113-129). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. (17 sider)

Engen, O. A. H. et al (2016). Perspektiver på samfunnssikkerhet. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk. Kap. 6 Samfunnssikkerhet, politikk og usikkerhet (s. 164-192). (28 sider).

Espenes, Ø. (2010). Forsvaret og politiet – lovhjemler og «bistandsinstruksen». I G. L. Dyndal (red.), Strategisk ledelse i krise og krig (s. 277-296). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget (20 sider)

Fife, Rolf Einar (2014). Folkerettslige spørsmål i tilknytning til Svalbard. Utenriksdepartementet. (23 sider)

Forsvaret (2014). Forsvarets fellesoperative doktrine. Forsvaret. Kap. 5 Operative kapasiteter og fellesfunksjoner (s. 95-163)(50 sider).

Forsvaret (2018). Forsvarets doktrine for luftoperasjoner. Forsvaret. Kap. 2 Luftmaktens egenskaper og operasjonsmiljø og kap. 3 Luftoperasjoner, kap. 4 Luftmilitær kommando og kontroll, kap. 7 Norsk luftmilitær kultur. (67 sider).

Forsvarsdepartementet/Justisdepartementet (2018). Støtte og samarbeid. En beskrivelse av totalforsvaret i dag. (60 sider)

Forsvarsdepartementet. (2016). Kampkraft og bærekraft (Prop. 151 S (2015-2016) Kap 1. Norsk sikkerhets- og forsvarspolitikk, s 17-27, Kap. 5 Videreutvikling av Forsvarets struktur, s 55-73. (28 sider)

Grieger, G. (2018). China’s Arctic policy. How China aligns rights and interests (European Parliamentary Research Service. Briefing). (7 sider).

Instruks for departementenes arbeid med samfunnssikkerhet (samfunnssikkerhetsinstruksen) (2017).

Instruks om Forsvarets bistand til politiet (2017).

Kjølberg, A. (1990). Internasjonale kriser. Internasjonal politikknr 48, s. 511-519.   (8 sider)

Kjølberg, A. (1991).  Krisehåndtering. Internasjonal politikknr 49, s. 19-31. (11 sider)

Kjølberg, A. (2013) Hva er krisehåndtering? I Heier/Kjølberg (red.). Mellom fred og krig. Norsk militær krisehåndtering (s. 21-44). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. (23 sider)

Lov om Kystvakten (1997).

Maaø, O. J. (2010). En innføring i fagfeltet sivilmilitære relasjoner. I G. L. Dyndal (red.) Strategisk ledelse i krise og krig (s. 77-89). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget (12 sider)

NATO Encyclopedia (2018). North Atlantic Council (NAC), Military Committee (MC), Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), Air Policing, National delegations to NATO, Crisis Management, consensus decision making. (ca 15 sider) https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2019_02/20190211_2018-nato-encyclopedia-eng.pdf.

NATO Crisis Response System Manual (begrenset).

Olsen, O. E. & Mathiesen, E. R. (2019). Media og krisehåndtering. Utfordringer i en ny mediehverdag. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk. Kap. 7 Håndtering av kriser i en ny mediehverdag (s. 178-206) (29 sider)

Rekstad, J. E. (2018). P-8 and the Trilateral Partnership - The operational significance and influence on Norwegian security policy (Masteroppgave). Stabsskolen.  (65 sider)

Simonsen, S. (2019). Til forsvar av landet. Rettslige rammer og gråsoner i fred, krise og krig. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget. Kap. 5 Forholdet mellom Grunnloven § 26 og § 101 (s. 109-118), kap. 9 Krisebegrepet og nasjonal krisehåndtering (s. 129-134) og kap. 12 Gråsonen: Krig truer eller rikets selvstendighet eller sikkerhet er i fare (s. 223-276). (65 sider). Boken kommer 16. april og må vurderes nærmere.

Sivilt beredskapssystem (begrenset).

Skogan, J. K. (2009). Krisehåndtering – opprinnelse, utvidelse og norsk forsvarsplanlegging (NUPI-rapport). (52 sider)

Smith, Eivind (2015). «Ministerstyre» - Et hinder for samordning? Nytt norsk tidsskrift, 3, s. 258-265. (8 sider).

Svendsen, T. (2009). Forsvarets rolle ved sikkerhetspolitiske kriser i nordområdene (Masteroppgave). Stabsskolen. (68 sider)

Tamnes, R. (2016). The Significance of the North Atlantic and the Norwegian Contribution. Whitehall Papers, 87:1, s. 8-31.(23 sider)

Traktat angående Spitsbergen (Svalbardtraktaten) (1920).

Vanhoonacker, S. og Wangen, P. (2016). Graham T. Allison, The Essence of Decision, Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis. I Lodge M. et al. The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration (s. x-x-). Oxford University Press. Ikke mottatt, ca 15 sider.

Wezeman, S. (2016). Military Cababilities in the Arctic: A New Cold War in the High North? (SIPRI Background Paper, oktober). (s. 9-21, 12 sider)

Wilhelmsen, J. og Lundby Gjerde, K. (2018). Norway and Russia in the Arctic: New Cold War Contamination?  Arctic Review on Law and Politics, vol. 9, s. 382-407. (19 sider)

Zysk, K. (2018). Russlands militærstrategi i endring. Implikasjoner for Nordflåten, nordområdene og Norges strategiske veivalg. IFS Insights, 12. (10 sider)

Øversveen, Jarle (2007). Luftmakt i nordområdene – en kur for alt? (Masteroppgave). Stabsskolen. (74 sider)

Åtland, K. (2013). Norsk krisehåndtering og forholdet til Russland. I T. Heier & A. Kjølberg (red.), Mellom fred og krig. Norsk militær krisehåndtering (s. 160-174). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. (15 sider)

Åtland, K. (2018). Eskalering, eskaleringskontroll og eskaleringsdominans (Ukens analyse, 12. april). Atlanterhavskomiteen (5 sider)

Militær idrett og Trening:

Forsvarets høgskole (2018) Trening for soldater. MILITÆR FYSISK TRENING 1. Magnhild Skare (red)

Forsvarets høgskole (2015) Trening for soldater. MILITÆR FYSISK TRENING 2. Jørgen Weidemann Eriksen (red)

Forsvarets høgskole (2016) Reglement om fysisk testing.

Antall sider: 100 (kompletteres før emne start)

Mandatory courseworkCourseworks givenCourseworks requiredPresence requiredComment
Muntlig fremlegg Not requiredTema 4 Current affairs
Obligatoriske arbeidskrav:
Mandatory coursework:Muntlig fremlegg
Courseworks given:
Courseworks required:
Presence required:Not required
Comment:Tema 4 Current affairs
Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
Home examIndividual 48HoursA-F Not required
Vurderinger:
Form of assessment:Home exam
Grouping:Individual
Duration: 48
Type of duration:Hours
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:
Supported materials:
Authors: 
Ann Karin Larssen
Øistein Espenes
Christina Stokkeland
Christian Moldjord
Camilla Ulleland Hoel
Karl Erik Haug
Ole Jørgen Maaø