NAV2302 Military Navigation 1 & Meteorology and Oceanography

Course code: 
NAV2302
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Militær navigasjon 1 & Meteorologi og oseanografi
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Credits: 
7,5
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching semester: 
2022 Autumn
Assessment semester: 
2022 Autumn
Person in charge: 
Henning Henry Sulen
Course content

The purpose of the course Military Navigation 1 is to cover the Navy's requirements in navigation, and satisfy the requirements of STCW 1978 with amendments within navigation in the function navigation at the management level.

The purpose of the course Meteorology and Oceanography is to cover the Navy's requirements, and satisfy the requirements of STCW 1978 with amendments within meteorology and oceanography in the function navigation at the management level.

Academic content

Military Navigation 1

NAVIGATION for Maritime Studies by Kjærstad

Part 1 – Coordinate systems & chart studies

  • The Earth's shape, chap. 1.1.1 – 1.1.9
  • Geodetic reference datum, chap. 2.1 – 2.7         
  • Chart projections, chap. 3.1 – 3.4       
  • Sea charts, chap. 4.1 – 4.10
  • Chart symbols and legends, chap. 5.1 – 5.2

PART 2 – The marking system & infrastructure

  • IALA system, chap. 1.1 – 1.6
  • Lighthouses and marking technology, chap. 2.1 – 2.6

PART 3 – Terrestrial navigation

  • Real course calculation, course correction & set and drift calculations, chap. 1.1 and 1.2
  • Lines of position and location determination, chap. 2.1 – 2.12

Veien til Båtførerprøven (Road to the Boat Driver’s Licence)

  • The whole book

Coast and Inland Navigation in the Navy by Ørnulf Øi

  • The whole book

Tide tables for the Norwegian Coast and Svalbard

  • What affects the tide.
  • Tidal tables.

The Navy’s navigation aids

  • Gyrocompass
  • Pelorus stand
  • ECDIS
  • Log
  • Echo sounder
  • GPS & dGPS   

 

Rights to certification:

  • STCW code tables:               A-III/1 and A-III/2
  • STCW functions:          Navigation at the operational level and Navigation at the management level (F1)
  • The course plan meets the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, STCW 1978 with amendments.
  • The Military Navigation 1 segment of the course plan is based on the IMO model course 7.03 - Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch:
    • Chapter 1.1.2. Terrestrial and coastal navigation
  • The Military Navigation 1 segment of the course plan is also based on the IMO model course 7.01 - Master and Chief Mate:
    • Chapter 1.2.1 Position fixing in all conditions
  • The course plan is based on the IMO model course 7.03 - Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch:
    • Chapter 1.1.2.11 Tides
    • Chapter 1.1.7 Meteorology
  • The Meteorology and Oceanography segment of the course plan is also based on the IMO model course 7.01 - Master and Chief Mate:
    • Chapter 1.8.1 Synoptic charts and weather forecasting
    • Chapter 1.8.2 Characteristics of various weather systems
    • Chapter 1.8.3 Ocean current systems
    • Chapter 1.8.4 Calculation of tidal conditions
    • Chapter 1.8.5 Appropriate publications and web pages for tides and currents

              

Academic content Meteorology and Oceanography

The curriculum is published PowerPoint lessons. For further information, please refer to the following reading list:

Lesson 1- Introduction

  • Meteorological instruments and the composition of the atmosphere, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.
  • The structure and composition of the atmosphere: pgs.13-20
  • Observations and instruments: pgs. 21-32 and pgs. 36-41.
  • Physical properties of air: pgs. 58-61
  • Air temperature: pgs. 61-66

 

Lesson 2 – Atmospheric pressure, wind and stability, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Air pressure: pgs. 73-77
  • Wind: pgs. 78-85
  • Observations and instruments: pgs. 42-45

Lesson 3 – Clouds, precipitation and visibility, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Fog, clouds, precipitation: pgs. 99-117
  • Observations and instruments: pgs. 46-47

Lesson 4 – Global circulation, wind systems, air masses and pressure systems, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Wind systems: pgs. 85-94
  • Air masses, fronts and pressure systems: pgs. 133-147.

Lesson 5 – Observation and weather reporting

Lesson 6 – Weather forecasts, climatology for Norwegian waters and the impact of weather on navigation

Lesson 7 – General oceanography, introduction to underwater acoustics, Open University: Sea water: Its composition, properties and behaviour.

  • Chapter 1.1 The special properties of water: pgs. 5-7
  • Chapter 2 Temperatures in the oceans: pgs. 16-30
  • Chapter 3 Salinity in the oceans: pgs. 31-39
  • Chapter 4 Water masses: pgs. 40-41

KNM Tordenskjold/TAS/METOC: Compendium in oceanography, meteorology and hydroacoustics.

  • Chapter 4.1 SOUND pgs. 84-86 (to Density, pressure and intensity)
  • Chapter 4.2 SOUND IN THE SEA pgs. 91-93 (from Sound wave energy degradation)
  • Chapter 4.3 SOUND SPEED AND PATHS pgs. 95-99

Lesson 8 – General ocean circulation, Open University, Ocean circulation:

  • The North Atlantic gyre: Observations and theories, pgs. 73-121

Lesson 9 – Weather forecasting, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Weather forecasting, pgs. 184-226.

Lesson 10 – Polar oceanography, Open University, Ocean circulation:

  • Circulation in high latitudes, pgs. 148-154

Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Ice on the sea, propagation of ice, speed near ice, and ice formation on vessels, pgs. 251-257

Lesson 11 – Tropical weather, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Monsoons, wind conditions across the world’s oceans, pgs. 89-94
  • Tropical hurricanes, pgs. 147-184

Lesson 12 – Climate

Lesson 13 – Tides and waves, Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers.

  • Waves, pgs. 258-271

Den Norske Los

  • Volume 1, pgs. 195-203
Learning outcome

Military Navigation 1

Knowledge

After completing the course, the cadet has:

  • knowledge of the nautical chart, including various types of nautical charts, nautical chart symbols and chart projections
  • basic knowledge of the Earth's shape and geodetic data
  • knowledge of various publications that are relevant in connection with nautical charts and knowledge of local sailing conditions
  • broad knowledge of the IALA system and other navigation marks, including lighthouses, lanterns, lights and columns
  • passed the boat driver’s license test
  • knowledge of how radar and ARPA function
  • knowledge of how GPS and dGPS function
  • knowledge of how various types of compass function
  • an understanding of the use of the Navy's terrestrial navigation tools
  • knowledge of research and development work in the subject area
  • the ability to update his/her knowledge within the subject area
  • the knowledge of the subject area's history, traditions, distinctive character and place in society

Skills

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • use a nautical chart in planning and conducting a passage according to the Navy's guidelines
  • correct all courses for fixed and variable errors, including gyrocompass defects, deviation, magnetic variation, drift and leeway.
  • use tidal tables for the Norwegian coast and Svalbard
  • reflect on one’s own professional practice and adjust this under supervision
  • find, evaluate and refer to information and subject matter and present this so that it sheds light on a problem.
  • use relevant technical tools and modes of expression within navigation

General competences

After completing the course, the cadet has:

  • the degree of precision and attitudes required to plan and conduct a safe passage
  • the ability to plan performing individual tasks in connection with planning and conducting a passage
  • the ability to share key subject matter such as theories, issues and solutions
  • the ability to exchange views and experiences with others within the area of navigation and through this contribute to the development of good practice
  • an awareness of new thinking and innovative processes in the subject area

Meteorology and Oceanography

Knowledge

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • identify the characteristics of different weather systems, including typical low pressure development according to the Norwegian cyclone model, tropical cyclones and the dangerous quadrant
  • identify ocean currents for Atlantic, Arctic and Norwegian coastal waters
  • identify tidal currents in Europe including the English Channel, the North Sea, the Norwegian coast and inland waterways in Norway including the dominant currents for all the selected sites on NAVKOMP's website.
  • identify all dangerous wave areas in Norway
  • demonstrate knowledge of meteorology and oceanography
  • demonstrate knowledge of how combined winds, the wind and sea and the marine environment join forces
  • demonstrate knowledge about underwater acoustics
  • knowledge of research and development work in the subject area
  • the ability to update his/her knowledge within the subject area
  • the knowledge of the subject area's history, traditions, distinctive character and place in society

Skills

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • use meteorological and oceanographic services useful during service in the Navy in general and as a navigator.
  • use the meteorological instruments on board and navigate outside the dangerous quadrant in a low pressure system
  • interpret and understand weather reports
  • use the meteorological conditions in tidal tables
  • reflect on one’s own professional practice and adjust this under supervision
  • find, evaluate and refer to information and subject matter and present this so that it sheds light on a problem.
  • use relevant technical tools and modes of expression within meteorology and oceanography

General competences

After completing the course, the cadet has:

  • an understanding of how to assess weather forecasts for planning and conducting passages
  • an understanding of the impact of meteorology on radar/communication sensors
  • an understanding of the impact of oceanography on echo sounding, Doppler log, sonar/underwater sensors
  • an understanding of meteorological publications, internet sites, and meteorological information on electronic bridge systems.
  • an understanding of wave patterns along the Norwegian coast
  • an understanding of meteorological conditions that form pack ice
  • the ability to share key subject matter such as theories, issues and solutions
  • the ability to exchange views and experiences with others within the area of meteorology and oceanography and through this contribute to the development of good practice
  • an awareness of new thinking and innovative processes in the subject area
Working and learning activities

Military Navigation 1

The teaching plan shows the course’s progression in the form of a weekly overview and course topics week by week. The course uses It’s Learning. There are tasks for each course topic. The course is coordinated with MPN, the Grimstadfjord exercise, the ECDIS assistant course and the Blindleia exercise.

Meteorology and Oceanography

The Meteorology and Oceanography course is organised by a civilian provider and will be conducted by a guest teacher. The UV Office Head at NAVKOMP is POC. The teaching plan shows the course’s progression in the form of a weekly overview and course topics week by week.  The course uses It’s Learning.

Working methods

Military Navigation 1

  • Classroom instruction: Theory review, review of assignments, cadets complete selected tasks, exercises
  • Tutorial classes: Cadets present tasks and receive guidance
  • Independent study: Working with theory, turning in assignments
  • Weekly tests

Meteorology and Oceanography

  • Classroom instruction: Theory review, review of assignments, cadets complete selected tasks, exercises
  • Tutorial classes: Cadets turn in assignments and receive guidance
  • Independent study: Working with theory, presentations and turning in assignments
  • Tasks
Sensor system

Examination is carried out according to the Regulations for Admission, Studies and Examinations (in Norwegian, “Forskrift om opptak, studier og eksamen”) at the Norwegian Defence University College.
 

Additional information

Militær Navigasjon 1

Læreren(e) skal ha operativ bakgrunn med tjenesteerfaring som selvstendig vaktsjef under gange eller skipssjef på Sjøforsvarets fartøy. Eller spesialkompetanse fra Sjøforsvaret innen det aktuelle delemnet.

Det skal være en så tydelig undervisningsprofil mot elevenes kommende tjeneste på Sjøforsvarets undervannsbåter, korvetter, fregatter, minefartøy og stridsbåter som mulig. Teorien og eksemplene skal hentes fra Sjøforsvarets fartøy så langt det lar seg gjøre.

Emnet Militær navigasjon 1 er et teoretisk og praktisk støttefag til emnet Militær praktisk navigasjon (MPN), og må gjennomføres og justeres etter MPN sitt behov.

Curriculum

Military Navigation 1

  • Norvald Kjerstad: Navigation for Maritime Studies, 1st Edition, Tapir Academic Press, ISBN 978-82-519-2522-8
  • Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority:  The Norwegian Pilot, Volume 1, 6th edition, Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority, ISBN82-90653-12-3
  • Olav Trysnes: Road to the Boat Driver’s Licence, Damm, ISBN 82-04-08583-4
  • Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority: Symbols and Abbreviations in Norwegian Charts, 1997
  • Ørnulf Øi: Coastal and Inland Waterway Navigation in the Navy
  • Course instructor:  Compendium in course correction and set & drift calculations

Meteorology and Oceanography

  • Petter Dannevig: Meteorology and Oceanography for Seafarers
  • The Open University:
    • Waves, tides and shallow water processes, ISBN 0080363717(F
    • Ocean circulations, ISBN 0080363695(F)
    • Seawater, its composition, properties and behaviour, ISBN 080363679(F)
  • Library: Meteorological/oceanographic reading material and films/video
  • Norwegian Mapping Authority Hydrographic Service: The Norwegian Pilot, Volume 1, as well as various compendiums
  • METOC: Compendium in oceanography, meteorology and hydroacoustics.
  • METOC: PowerPoint lessons in It’s Learning
Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
Skriftlig eksamenIndividual5HoursA-F67%Not required Military Navigation 1 Calculator
Muntlig eksamenIndividualca. 20MinutesA-F33%Not required Meteorology and Oceanography
Vurderinger:
Form of assessment:Skriftlig eksamen
Grouping:Individual
Duration:5
Type of duration:Hours
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:67%
Oral examination:Not required
Comment: Military Navigation 1
Supported materials: Calculator
Form of assessment:Muntlig eksamen
Grouping:Individual
Duration:ca. 20
Type of duration:Minutes
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:33%
Oral examination:Not required
Comment: Meteorology and Oceanography
Supported materials:
Authors: 
Henning Henry Sulen
Approval signature: 
Henning Sulen