OPS2301 Naval Operations and Tactics

Course code: 
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Sjømilitære operasjoner og taktikk
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Level of study: 
Teaching semester: 
2023 Spring
Assessment semester: 
2023 Spring
Language of instruction: 
Person in charge: 
Steffen Berge Øverland
Course content

The purpose of this course is to provide the cadets with a basic introduction to naval warfare at the tactical level.

Academic content:

  • The Navy and Coast Guard’s vessels, including weapons, sensors, strengths and weaknesses.
  • NATO and the national command centre, including the structure of HQ.
  • (J structure), including type, task and warfare structure. Introduction to NATO publication structure (AJP, ATP, ACP, AXP etc.), with a main emphasis on ATP-1 vol I
  • Naval operations at a tactical level, including naval aviation and submarine operations.
  • The naval warfare areas, AAW, ASuW, ASW, MW and EW, including
    • AAW; Air threats and the four principles, basic concepts and external procedures, ASMD
    • ASuW; surface threats and the four phases, basic concepts and external procedures, OTHT
    • ASW; challenges regarding oppositional submarines, basic concepts and external procedures
  • Image compilation, procedures and reporting.
  • Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO), regulations for boarding within the Royal Norwegian Navy and on-board operations in general.  
  • OPGEN/OPTASK as well as other messages that are relevant to naval operations.
  • The ability to read and understand an exercise order for a larger joint/naval exercise (Cold Response or similar).
  • Support functions surrounding operational management, in addition to logistics within operations.
  • Training in writing, reading and presenting TABORDS e.g.Casex, Adex and Tacex
  • Electronic warfare, including radar EW and communications EW.
  • Current codewords from APP7
Learning outcome


After completion of the course, the candidate has:

  • a knowledge of which tasks are currently associated with the Royal Norwegian Navy and the role of naval officers
  • a basic knowledge of orders, both nationally and within NATO, that the officers in the Royal Norwegian Army must adhere to
  • a basic knowledge of naval warfare at a tactical level
  • a knowledge of which tasks are currently associated with the Royal Norwegian Navy and the role of the naval officer
  • a basic knowledge of the possibilities and limitations of military power, including legal and political considerations, during times of peace, crisis and war, with an emphasis on the function of the Royal Norwegian Navy
  • an understanding of how to update his/her knowledge on the operational roll of the naval officer, both through data collection and contact with professional environments and practices
  • a knowledge of research and development work, new thinking and innovation within the naval profession and military applications of the discipline, in addition to being able to update his/her understanding of the development within the arena of naval combat  
  • a knowledge of naval topics in order to enter operational positions on board


After completion of the course, the candidate is able to:

  • read and understand operational documents, including OPORDERS, OPGEN, OPTASK and TABORDS
  • help plan naval operations and present his/her plans with the correct use of naval concepts
  • communicate effectively in Norwegian and English, both in writing and orally, during exercise and military operations
  • apply the relevant naval professional tools, techniques and forms of expression in order to fill operational positions in relation to the general role during docking, being at sea, preparing for battle and running assault squads on board a vessel of the Royal Norwegian Navy.
  • apply academic knowledge and work both independently and in groups
  • reflect on his/her own professional practice and adjust this under supervision in order to exploit any potential within the vessel, crew, weather and environment to gain an advantage over the opposition
  • apply an understanding of, and relevant results from, research and development work to resolve theoretical, technical and practical issues within operational leadership on board and justify his/her choices.
  • apply relevant professional tools, techniques and tactics within physically and mentally demanding operations  

General competence

The candidate:

  • has a sufficient understanding of how to conduct branch-specific special courses and long-course naval operations
  • has developed analytical characteristics and can contribute methodically to the planning processes associated with naval operations
  • can actively participate in professional discussions, has an ability to share his/her knowledge and experiences with others and contribute to new knowledge and the development of good practice
  • can convey nautical and operational knowledge to different target groups both in writing and orally in Norwegian and English, and can help demonstrate the importance and consequences of technology for the operational application of the vessel
  • can contribute to the development of good practices by taking part in technical discussions within the discipline and sharing his/her knowledge and experiences with others.
  • can contribute to new thinking, innovation, materials, tactical development and new systems through participation in the development and realisation of sustainable products, tactics and/or solutions that are useful for the Norwegian Armed Forces
Working and learning activities

The teaching will consist of classroom instruction, self-study, assignment solutions, practical assignments and exercises as well as sailing on board the naval vessels. Where it is possible and natural, part of the teaching is to be conducted in English in order to give students the opportunity to practice their English as much as possible. The Royal Norwegian Naval Academy will enable the cadets to apply knowledge from the discipline during night-time sails/weekend sails/exercises with training vessels or naval ships, in addition to other exercises within navigation training, including the navigation exercise MPN 6 especially.

Organisation and coordination

The course builds upon the training the cadets received in the courses Naval Power Basics and Military Problem-Solving in semester II. The course is taught for 5-6 weeks. Within some lessons, there is a need to bring in specialists within the discipline of warfare. This is coordinated with the Naval Warfare Centre (MKS).

Work methods

  • Classroom instruction: Lectures, cadets review selected assignments
  • Supervisory lessons: Cadets respond to assignments and receive supervision
  • Self-study: Work with publications, responses to assignments
  • Gjeldende utgave av Forsvarets fellesoperative doktrine og Forsvarets doktrine for maritime operasjoner
  • Håndbok for Taktisk maritim planlegging, Taktikksenteret 2013
  • Utvalgte deler av ATP 1 vol 1(G)
  • Utvalgte kodeord fra APP -7
  • Bestemmelser for bording i Sjøforsvaret STP 035(A)
  • MC 362/1 Nato Rules of Engagement.
  • Utvalgte lover og forskrifter; Kystvaktloven, Forskrifter om fremmede ikke-militære fartøyers anløp av og ferdsel i norsk territorialfarvann under fredsforhold(kgl. res 23 desember 1994, nr 1130), Forskrift om fremmede militære fartøyers og luftfartøyers adgang til norsk territorium under fredsforhold.
  • Utvalgte deler av AXP 1, AXP 2, STP 50, ATP-31, ATP-28, APP-11
  • PPT fra leksjoner med gradering t.o.m. begrenset
Mandatory courseworkCourseworks givenCourseworks requiredPresence requiredComment
Oppmøte til undervisning Required
Veiledningssamtaler Required
Obligatoriske arbeidskrav:
Mandatory coursework:Oppmøte til undervisning
Courseworks given:
Courseworks required:
Presence required:Required
Mandatory coursework:Veiledningssamtaler
Courseworks given:
Courseworks required:
Presence required:Required
Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
Skriftlig eksamenIndividual4HoursA-F100Not requiredTo pass the exam, you require 60% correct answers in accordance with the table below: A 100 - 92 % B 91 - 84 % C 83 - 76 % D 75 - 68 % E 67 - 60 % F < 60 %
Form of assessment:Skriftlig eksamen
Type of duration:Hours
Grading scale:A-F
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:To pass the exam, you require 60% correct answers in accordance with the table below: A 100 - 92 % B 91 - 84 % C 83 - 76 % D 75 - 68 % E 67 - 60 % F < 60 %
Supported materials: