NAV3303 Military Navigation 3 & Maritime Law with Law of the Sea

Course code: 
NAV3303
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Militær navigasjon 3 & Sjørett med havrett
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Credits: 
7,5
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching semester: 
2022 Autumn
Assessment semester: 
2022 Autumn
Person in charge: 
Henning Henry Sulen
Course content

Military Navigation 3

The purpose of the course is to cover the Navy's requirements, and satisfy the requirements of STCW 1978 with amendments within overseas voyages of celestial navigation in the function navigation at the management level.

Maritime Law and Law of the Sea

The maritime law w/law of the sea course is to support the overall purpose that officers after completing the course curriculum are able to apply and comply with relevant provisions from maritime legislation, maritime regulations and basic law of the sea (based on conventions, laws and legal rules)

-in future service situations within the officer's profession. The course will equip cadets with the knowledge, skills and general competence within the subject necessary to be able to practice the officer profession in peacetime, crisis situations and war in a well-founded, reflective and responsible manner. The course is part of the degree-granting programme and qualifies officers for being awarded the maritime certificate of competency class 1 - deck officer class 1 (D1) for OM and marine engineer officer class 1 (M1) for MM when the seagoing service is completed.

 

Rights to certification Military Navigation 3:

  • STCW code tables: A-III/1 and A-III/2
  • STCW function:  Navigation at the operational level and Navigation at the management level (F1)
  • The course plan meets the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, STCW 1978 with amendments.
  • The course plan is based on the IMO model course 7.03 - Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch:
    • Chapter 1.1 Plan and conduct an overseas voyage and determine a position
    • Chapter 1.1.1 Celestial navigation
  • The course plan is based on the IMO model course 7.01 - Navigation at the Management Level:
    • Chapter 1.2.1 Position determination in all conditions
    • Chapter 1.2.1.2 Celestial navigation

Military Navigation 3

Syllabus

  • The universe and the solar system.
    • Independent study –
  • Celestial navigation. Ditlefsen: part Celestial navigation.
  • The most important stars and constellations. Ditlefsen, chapter P. The planetarium. It’s Learning Use of the Plough and Orion
    • Planetarium and Classroom  
  • Celestial sphere and its coordinates. Ditlefsen, chapter K. The planetarium
    • Classroom – Celestial sphere model (investing)
    • Planetarium
  • Local hour angle, declination, azimuth. Ditlefsen, chapter K. The planetarium
    • Classroom - Celestial sphere model
  • The nautical almanac. Ditlefsen: chapter O Øi: daily left and right sides, degrees to time       
    • Classroom
  • The apparent movement of celestial bodies. Ditlefsen: chapter L
    • Classroom – Celestial sphere model
    • The planetarium
  • Equal height system. Ditlefsen: chapter R.
    • Classroom - Celestial sphere model
  • Height method. Ditlefsen: chapter R.
    • Classroom
  • Combining celestial coordinates. Ditlefsen: chapters R and U
    • Classroom
  • Height corrections.  Ditlefsen: chapter Q
    • Classroom
  • Calculation of height. Ditlefsen: chapter S
    • Classroom
  • Width and length observations. Ditlefsen: chapter T
    • Classroom
  • Sextant. It’s Learning Compendium
    • Classroom - Bridge G
  • Polaris. Ditlefsen: chapter T
    • Classroom
  • Star Finder. Navigator 4.5. Navlab
    • Classroom - Navlab
  • Navigator astronomy programme: Navigator 4.5. Navlab
    • Classroom - Navlab
  • Astronomical calculations on light conditions, true ascent/decline and the meridian. Navigastor 4.5. Navlab
    • Classroom
  • Gyro control on the sun, moon, planets and stars. Navigator 4.5. Bridge G
    • Classroom - Bridge G
  • Determining position using the sun, moon, planets and stars outside the meridian and on the meridian. Navigator 4.5. Bridge G
    • Classroom - Bridge G
  • Calculate the direction of the sun and moon during exercises. Navigator 4.5. Navlab
    • Classroom - Bridge G

Maritime law:

The following chapters are the curriculum: (Approx. 290 pages, divided into 16 chapters)

  • Chap. 1: Introduction
  • Chap. 2: Ships, nationality and registration
  • Chap. 3: Ship control and classification
  • Chap. 4: Construction and repair contracts
  • Chap. 7: Organisation of the shipping company
  • Chap. 8: Shipping and basis of liability
  • Chap. 9: Limited shipping company liability
  • Chap. 10: Oil spill liability and other environmental liability
  • Chap. 11: Collision liability
  • Chap. 12: The crew's legal status
  • Chap. 13: Affreightment – overview
  • Chap. 18: Transport of passengers and baggage
  • Chap. 19: Salvage
  • Chap. 20: General average
  • Chap. 21: Marine insurance - overview and general questions
  • Chap. 23: Marine accident investigation
  • Online or written/printed handed out: Texts for selected international maritime convention texts (IMO, SOLAS, MARPOL, STCW, etc.)

Law of the Sea:

The following chapters are the curriculum:

  • § 12 (Internal waters)
  • § 13 (Territorial sea)
  • § 14 (Coastal state zones outside the territorial sea limit)
  • § 15 (High seas)
  • § 16 (Territory of other states)
  • SVALBARD TREATY (Treaty Concerning Spitsbergen), February 9, 1920, in force from August 14, 1925
  • UN Convention on the Law of the Sea – UNCLOS, dated 10 December 1982, in force from 16/11/1994

IMO Model Course 7.01 Master and Chief Mate:

  • 3.2         Controlling the operation of the ship and care for persons on board and the marine environment at the operational and management levels.
  • 3.2.1 International maritime law embodied in international agreements and conventions
  • 3.2.1.1 Certificates and other documents required to be carried on board ships by international conventions.
  • 3.2.1.2 Responsibilities under the relevant requirements of the International Convention on Load Lines. (The item is gone through in the course Military Loading, Unloading and Stowage at Operational and Management Levels)
  • 3.2.1.3 Responsibilities under the relevant requirements of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea.
  • 3.2.1.4 Responsibility under the relevant requirements of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships.
  • 3.2.1.5 Maritime declarations of health and the requirements of the International Health Regulations.
  • 3.2.1.6 Responsibility under other international maritime law embodied in international agreements and conventions that impact on the role of management level deck officers.
  • 3.2.1.7                  Responsibilities under international instruments affecting the safety of the ship, passengers, crew and cargo.
  • 3.2.1.8 Methods and aids to prevent pollution of the marine environment by ships.
  • 3.2.1.9 National legislation for implementing of international agreements and conventions.  

IMO Model Course 7.03 Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch:

  • 3.6         Monitor compliance with legislative requirements
  • 3.6.1      Basic working knowledge of the relevant IMO conventions concerning safety of life at sea, security and protection of the marine environment.
  • 3.6.1.1 Introduction to maritime law
  • 3.6.1.2 Law of the Sea
  • 3.6.1.3 Safety:
    • International Convention on Load Lines, 1966
    • SOLAS, 1974 as amended
    • SOLAS - Subdivision and stability
    • SOLAS - Fire protection, detection and extinction
    • SOLAS - LSA and arrangements (LSA code)
    • SOLAS - Radio communications
    • SOLAS - Carriage of grain
    • SOLAS - Carriage of dangerous goods
    • ISM Code
    • STCW Convention, 1978, as amended
    • STP Ships Agreement, 1971
    • SPACE STP 1973
    • PAL 1974
    • Tonnage 1969 (The item will be gone through in the Military Construction, Stability and Buoyancy course)
    • SNP 2004.
    • AFS Convention, 2001
    • Guidelines for the Enhanced Programme of Inspections during Surveys of Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers. (The item will be gone through in the Military Construction, Stability and Buoyancy course)
    • Code of Safe Working Practices for Merchant Seamen on Merchant Vessels
    • ISPS Code

 

Learning outcome

Military Navigation 3

Knowledge

After completing the course, the cadet has:

  • knowledge on key topics, theories, issues, processes, tools and methods regarding overseas voyages with celestial navigation
  • knowledge of research and development work in overseas voyages with celestial navigation in all conditions
  • the ability to update his/her knowledge regarding overseas voyages with celestial navigation
  • knowledge of celestial navigation’s history, traditions, distinctive character and place in society

Skills

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • apply technical knowledge and relevant results from research and development work on practical and theoretical issues and make informed choices
  • reflect on one’s own professional practice and adjust this under supervision
  • find, evaluate and refer to information and subject matter regarding celestial navigation and present this so that it sheds light on a problem.
  • use relevant professional tools and forms of expression regarding overseas voyages with celestial navigation

General competences

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • relate relevant professional and ethical issues regarding overseas voyages with celestial navigation
  • share key subject matter such as theories, problems and solutions in writing and orally as well as through other forms of expression
  • exchange views and experiences with others regarding overseas voyages with celestial navigation and through this contribute to the development of good practice
  • be aware of new thinking and innovative processes

Maritime Law and Law of the Sea

Knowledge

After completing the course, the cadet has:

  • knowledge of the fundamental international maritime regulations for maritime transport, commercial shipping and civil shipping as embodied in international treaties and conventions, as well as knowledge of corresponding domestic Norwegian maritime legislation.
  • knowledge of the most important laws and legal principles of the law of the sea (based on international treaties and conventions of international law) that govern rights and obligations associated with the use of the sea. 
  • knowledge to be able to maintain his/her convention and function-based maritime competency certificate responsibilities, respectively, deck officer class 1 (D1) and marine engineer officer class 1 (M1) according to STCW Convention 1978 with amendments code tables: A-II/1 and A-II/2 – or A-III/1 and A-III/2) with STCW function: Controlling the operation of the ship and care for persons on board and protecting the marine environment at the operational and management levels.
  • knowledge that forms a basis for being able to later update, possibly expand his/her knowledge within the subject area

Skills

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • apply to simpler cases the most relevant and fundamental international maritime regulations for the lawful use, operation and functioning, as well as for maintaining safety, when using ships and also applicable rules of responsible shipping, as embodied in maritime treaties and conventions
  • apply basic laws (national laws and regulations) to simpler legal issues in various service situations within the officer profession in peacetime, crisis and war, in regards to maritime law and shipping as well as the law of the sea.
  • consider simpler concrete legal issues in connection with maritime law, with particular emphasis on the correct course of action in simpler situations
  • apply professional knowledge of relevant legal issues to simpler practical and theoretical issues and make well-founded, reflective and responsible choices in various service contexts within the subject areas
  • reflect on one's own ability to assess and attend to legal issues in the subject areas and adjust this under supervision
  • find, evaluate and refer to relevant legal information and subject matter and present this so that it sheds light on a basic, legal issue.
  • apply relevant professional expressions and forms of expression within the above-mentioned subject areas

General competences

After completing the course, the cadet is able to:

  • apply his/her insight into relevant professional and service-related legal issues within the course’s areas of law
  • plan and carry out simpler, but varied service assignments, presentations and projects within the course that extend over time, alone and as part of a group, and in line with legal and ethical requirements and guidelines  
  • share and present basic, but key subject matter on different legal rules and principles, basic concepts, issues and solution proposals both in writing and orally, as well as individually and in groups
  • exchange views and experiences with others regarding the subject area and through this contribute to the development of proper practice in the subject area.
  • safeguard the function-based requirements of maritime law and the law of the sea to allow the current maritime certificate of competency, respectively, deck officer class 1 (D1) and marine engineer officer class 1 (M1) to be awarded, according to STCW convention 1978 with amendments, code tables: A-II/1 and A-II/2 – or A-III/1 and A-III/2) with STCW function: Controlling the operation of the ship and care for persons on board at the operational and management levels.
  • update his/her professional insight in relation to future changes in current laws and regulations within the subject's legal areas
Working and learning activities

Military Navigation 3

Organisation 

The teaching plan shows the course’s progression in the form of a weekly overview and course topics week by week. There are tasks for each course topic. The course must coordinate with the simulator office for carrying out the simulator training. The course uses It’s Learning.

Working methods  

  • Classroom instruction: Lectures, exercises, cadets complete selected tasks, exercises, DVD
  • Internet: It’s Learning
  • Student lectures: The cadets give lectures
  • Tutorial classes: Cadets complete exercises
  • Independent study: Working with theory, completing exercises
  • The planetarium Lectures
  • Navlab Lectures, completing exercises
  • Navigation simulator: Lectures, celestial observations, completing exercises

Maritime Law and Law of the Sea

Emphasis is placed on using examples from other subjects and from the service to illustrate topics in the course. The instruction alternates between teaching, tutorials and independent study. 

Independent study implies weekly work solving and submitting control assignments, individually or in groups, later coordinated with answer keys given out for the most important chapters in the syllabus as described below.

Admission to the course exam depends on given instructions for submitting specified control assignments having been carried out and submitted in a satisfactory manner by the individual cadet.  The course satisfies and covers the academic and functional requirements that are imposed (within maritime law/legislation) to allow the maritime competency certificates as stated above to be awarded. 

Working methods

  • Lectures/teaching in plenary: Lectures, classroom instruction and theory review in plenary for the entire year of cadets (both classes: OM + M-M)
  • Tutorial classes: Cadets turn in assignments and receive guidance
  • Independent study: Independent study of theory and answers to various tasks, including chapter-based assignments, individually or in groups of up to three cadets per group
  • Group work/assignments: Cadets prepare, review and present individually or in groups selected and assigned tasks from the syllabus for the rest of the class/year, in the classroom/in plenary
  • Academic discussions in and outside the classroom
Sensor system

Examination is carried out according to the Regulations for Admission, Studies and Examinations (in Norwegian, “Forskrift om opptak, studier og eksamen”) at the Norwegian Defence University College.

Additional information

Læreren(e) skal ha operativ bakgrunn med tjenesteerfaring som selvstendig vaktsjef under gange eller skipssjef på Sjøforsvarets fartøy. Eller spesialkompetanse fra Sjøforsvaret innen det aktuelle delemnet.

Det skal være en så tydelig undervisningsprofil mot elevenes kommende tjeneste på Sjøforsvarets undervannsbåter, korvetter, fregatter minefartøy og stridsbåter som mulig. Teorien og eksemplene skal hentes fra Sjøforsvarets fartøy så langt det lar seg gjøre.

    Curriculum

    Military Navigation 3

    • Norvald Kjerstad: Navigasjon for maritime studier
    • Ditlefsen: Navigasjon (14 utgave)
    • Øi: Astronomiske- og andre navigasjonstabeller
    • O.Olsen: Teknisk formelsamling m/tabeller
    • Faglærer: Navigasjonsøvinger
    • Internett: Itslearning
    • FO / SST: Tjenestereglement for Sjøforsvaret, SAP-1(D)
    • DVD: Filmene: Longitude, Apollo 13 og Galileo

    Maritime Law:

    • Thor Falkanger og Hans Jacob Bull: Sjørett, (7. utg. 2010), Sjørettsfondet Akademisk, Oslo 2010, ISBN 978-82-90260-48-9.
    • MARITIM LOVSAMLING: Lovtekster til bruk for kadetter i sjørettsfaget ved Sjøkrigsskolen (SKSK) - papirheftet utgave med særtrykk av utvalgte lovtekster – nedlastet fra Lovdata ulike lover – herunder: sjøfartsloven, sjødyktighetsloven (opph.), skipssikkerhetsloven, sjømannsloven, NIS-loven, skadeserstatningsloven, havne- og farvannsloven, lostjenesteloven, kystvaktloven, fritids- og småbåtloven, petroleumsloven, yrkestransportloven, akvakulturloven og havressursloven)

      Law of the Sea:

      • Carl August Fleischer : Folkerett (7. utg., 2000) eller (8. utg., 2005),
      Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
      Muntlig eksamenIndividualca 20MinutesA-F67%Not requiredOral examination in military navigation 3
      Skriftlig eksamenIndividual5HoursA-F33%Not requiredMaritime Law with Law of the Sea
      Vurderinger:
      Form of assessment:Muntlig eksamen
      Grouping:Individual
      Duration:ca 20
      Type of duration:Minutes
      Grading scale:A-F
      Proportion:67%
      Oral examination:Not required
      Comment:Oral examination in military navigation 3
      Supported materials:
      Form of assessment:Skriftlig eksamen
      Grouping:Individual
      Duration:5
      Type of duration:Hours
      Grading scale:A-F
      Proportion:33%
      Oral examination:Not required
      Comment:Maritime Law with Law of the Sea
      Supported materials:
      Authors: 
      Henning Henry Sulen
      Approval signature: 
      Henning Sulen