MILM1401 Air Power Basics

Course code: 
MILM1401
Course name in Norwegian Bokmål: 
Luftmaktens grunnlag
Program of study: 
Bachelor i militære studier
Credits: 
15
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching semester: 
2022 Spring
Assessment semester: 
2022 Spring
Language of instruction: 
Norwegian / English
Person in charge: 
Ole Jørgen Maaø
Bjørn Erik Eggen
Course content

The goal of the course is to provide cadets with a basic introduction to air power and air force leadership. The course will provide the cadets with a knowledge of the development of the Royal Norwegian Air Force, assignments, organisation, branches and capacities. Furthermore, it will provide a knowledge of key air power concepts, as well as developmental traits within theory, technology and the application of air power. The course will provide the academic basis for the cadets to function as leaders within air force operations, including develop the skills of the cadets to lead and protect themselves and troops in air force operations. In addition, the course will help provide basic proficiency in English as a working language in the Air Force, as well as a basic introduction to how systematic physical training affects the body and the mental ability to carry out military operations.

Learning outcome

Knowledge

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • explain the assignments, organisation and capacities of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
  • explain key aspects of the history of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
  • explain the key concepts and theories of the air power.
  • explain key developments within air power theory and air force technology and application.
  • explain how ethics, politics and international law (jus ad bellum and jus in bello) influence and put in place frameworks for the application of air power.
  • explain key aspects of experiential learning.
  • explain key aspects of self-perception and theory of stress.
  • explain key theories on group development and social psychology.
  • understand basic theories of leadership.
  • understand the importance of physical and mental capacity to develop physically and mentally robust officers and soldiers.
  • discuss various English-language texts that deal with general and profession-specific topics.

Skills

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • apply the knowledge acquired within the course of practical and theoretical issues within air power and air force leadership.
  • assess and problematise various forms of the use of air force and air force leadership.
  • apply knowledge of international law concerning war to make decisions in situations characterised by legal and moral dilemmas.
  • plan and conduct instructions and oral presentations.
  •  safeguard his/her own learning processes through experiential learning, supervision and writing.  
  • be aware of, and regulate, his/her own behaviour as an officer within situations characterised by stress.
  • lead himself/herself and teams in different situations.
  • Maintain and enhance his/her own physical fitness and athletic skills.
  • communicate well in English, orally and in writing, in both social and professional contexts.

General competence

After completion of the course, the cadet is able to:

  • communicate an understanding of air power and air force leadership both in writing and orally.
  • plan and carry out instructions/briefings for a class.
  • safeguard his/her own experiential learning through supervision and writing.
  • lead himself/herself and groups in stress-related situations, including solving the mission and safeguarding the personnel.
  • understand the importance of English language and communication skills in the Air Force
Working and learning activities

The course consists of two topics which are both implemented as a combination of theory, practice and reflection, organised through classwork, teamwork and individual work. In all periods, compulsory learning in English and Military Sports and Training (MIT) is carried out parallel to, and integrated within, the course.

Course topics

Topic 1: Introduction to Air Power (8 weeks)

The purpose of the topic is to provide the cadets with a basic introduction to air power. The topic includes the following subtopics:

  • Introduction to the history, assignments, organisation and operational capacities of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
  • Introduction to key developments within air force theory, technology and application.
  • Introduction to air power theory, including a basic knowledge of the possibilities and limitations of air power, key concepts and the current national doctrine.
  • Introduction to how ethics, politics and international law (jus ad bellum and jus in bello) influence and put in place frameworks for the application of air power.

Topic 2: Introduction to Air Force Leadership I (5 weeks)

The purpose of the topic is to provide the cadets with a basic introduction into air force leadership. The topic includes the following subtopics:

  • Introduction to leadership theories, mission-based leadership, the Chief of Defence’s view of leadership and air force leadership. The purpose here is to provide the cadets with a knowledge of what is required of a military leader, and an awareness of how one relates to these requirements as a basis for further leadership development.
  • Introduction to learning processes, experiential learning, supervision and writing. The purpose here is to provide the cadets with skills to safeguard their own learning processes.
  • Introduction to the officer as an educator and mediator. The purpose here is to further develop the skills of the cadets within teaching and oral presentations.
  • Introduction to the officer as a person and role model. The purpose here is to provide the cadets with an understanding of self-perception, identity and personality as a human and leader.  The subtopic will include an introduction to stress and coping with stress. This is to raise awareness of their own behaviour, and the regulation of this within demanding situations.
  • Introduction to the leadership of teams within the Royal Norwegian Air Force. The purpose here is to provide a knowledge of processes and factors affecting development, motivation and efficiency within groups and teams. 

Practice arenas:

On arrival at the Royal Norwegian Air Force Academy, the exercise "The Learning and Air Force Environment" is carried out. This aims to establish a safe learning environment at the individual, team and class levels, as well as introduce the cadets to the Royal Norwegian Air Force and the Royal Norwegian Air Force Academy. The exercise has the following objectives:

  • to provide the cadets with an introduction to the culture, capacities, organisation and operations of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
  • to establish a learning environment characterised by trust and safe relationships.
  • to provide the cadets with an increased self-confidence, self-efficacy and desire to learn.

In topic 2, the exercise “Operational Team Development" is carried out, which aims to increase the cadets’ self-awareness and knowledge of group and team development, including developing a greater insight into the role of the leader.

The exercise has the following objectives:

  • to provide the cadets with an increased self-awareness as a leader and role model.
  • to provide the cadets with knowledge and skills in giving and receiving feedback.
  • to provide the cadets with a basic understanding of their own and others’ level of maturity.
  • to provide the cadets with the knowledge and understanding of relational skills and the importance of these within the exercise of leadership.

In topic 2, the "Winter Exercise" is also carried out. This will provide the cadets with basic military skills in winter conditions. The exercise has the following objectives:

  • to provide the cadets with basic military skills in winter conditions in line with the practice from the Norwegian Armed Forces Winter Warfare School and the requirements of the NATO Winter Survival Course (NWSC).
  • to provide the cadets with knowledge, skills and attitudes to lead themselves and operational teams in demanding winter conditions.
  • to provide the cadets with an introduction to operational planning and decision-making processes.
  • to develop the mental and physical hardiness of the cadets.
  • to provide the cadets with knowledge and skills within the planning and implementation of teaching/lessons.

The cadets must pass a level 6 physical test prior to the “Winter Exercise” in order to participate in it. 

English and Military Sports and Training (MIT)

Introduction to English Language and Communication in the Air Force will further develop the cadets' knowledge of and skills in English at the same time as it functions as a discussion arena for topics relevant to the officer profession. The teachin g(2 hours per week) involves activities focusing on reading and writing skills, in addition to discussion of various English-language texts.

During the entire period, compulsory skills training in Military Sports and Training (MIT) is also carried out with 2 + 2 hours per week. The focus of the period will be to plan and carry out training aimed at increasing your own physical fitness and athletic skills within relevant physical and military disciplines. The training will adapt to the activities that take place within the course, including the practice arenas, and are based on excerpts from Gjerstad, Asbjørn (2006). Treningslære. Oslo: Gyldendal.

Sensor system

Examination is carried out according to the Regulations for Admission, Studies and Examinations (in Norwegian, “Forskrift for opptak, studier og eksamen”) at the Norwegian Defence University College.

Curriculum

Tema 1 Innføring i luftmakt

Biller, Jeffrey (2018). «Air Power, International Law and Ethics», i Olsen, John Andreas (red.): Routledge Handbook of Air Power, Milton Park: Routledge, s. 58-69. (12 s.)

Caudill, Shannon W. & Christopher L. Corley (2014). «Conclusion. Ten Propositions of the Defence of Air Bases», i Caudill, Shannon W. (ed.). Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency, Maxwell: Air University Press, s. 339-366. (28 s.)

Dahl, Arne Willy (2003). Håndbok i militær folkerett. Oslo: Cappelen Damm akademisk, Del B, kapittel 8, s. 216-234. (19 s.)

Dyndal, Gjert Lage (2015). «A Theoretical Framework for Maritime Airpower», i Kungliga Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, nr. 4, s. 109-128. (20 s.)

 

Erichsen, Olaf von Porat og Ødegaard, Geir (2016). «Luftstyrker», i Andersen, Morten og Ødegaard, Geir red. (2016). Militære fellesoperasjoner – en innføring. Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2016, s. 197-217. (21 s.)

Forsvarsdepartementet (2019). Prop. 1 S (2019-2020) Proposisjon til Stortinget (forslag til stortingsvedtak) for budsjettåret 2020 (Forsvarsbudsjettet), kapitlene 1-2, samt kap. 1733 og 4733, s. 11-43, 114-117. (36 s.)

Forsvarsstaben (2019): Forsvarets fellesoperative doktrine, kapittelet «Luftstridskrefter og luft- og romoperasjoner», s. 114-124. (11 s.)

Gray, Colin S. (2015): «Air Power Theory», i Olsen, John Andreas (red.): Airpower Reborn. The Strategic Concepts of John Warden and John Boyd, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, s. 156-180. (25 s.)

Henriksen, Dag (2018). «Control of the Air», i Olsen, John Andreas (red.): Routledge Handbook of Air Power, Milton Park: Routledge, s. 83-94. (12 s.)

Jordan, David (2016). «Concepts and characteristics of air and space warfare», i Jordan, David, James D. Kiras, David J. Lonsdale, Ian Speller, Christopher Tuck and C. Dale Walton (eds.). Understanding Modern Warfare, Second Edition, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, s. 227-249. (23 s.)

Knighton, Richard (2018). «Air Power Logistics», i Olsen, John Andreas (red.): Routledge Handbook of Air Power, Milton Park: Routledge, s. 142-152. (11 s.)

Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet (2019). «Hva er forvaltningspolitikk?», lastet ned fra regjeringen.no 28.11.2019 (5 s.)

Luftforsvaret (2018). Forsvarets doktrine for luftoperasjoner. Kapittel 1-5 og 7. (136 s.)

Luftforsvarsstaben (2018). Mot et 5. generasjons luftforsvar – som gir full utnyttelse av nye kampfly. (26 s.)

McInnes, Christopher (2018): «Command and control», i Olsen, John Andreas (red.): Routledge Handbook of Air Power, Milton Park: Routledge, s. 130-141. (12 s.)

NATO (2010). AJP-3.3.1(B) Allied Joint Doctrine for Counter-Air, July 2010, kapittel 1, 2, 4 og 5, (29 s.)

NATO (2009). AJP-3.3.2 (A) Allied Joint Doctrine for Close Air Support and Air Interdiction, September 2009, kapittel 1, 3 og 4, (22 s.)

NATO (2014). AJP-3.3.3 Allied Joint Doctrine for Air-Maritime Coordination, Edition A Version 1 December 2014, kapittel 3 og 5, (12 s.)

NATO (2016). AJP-3.3 Allied Joint Doctrine for Air and Space Operations, Edition B Version 1 April 2016, kapittel 1 og 5 (30 s.)

Sanderød, Steinar (2009). «The use of Air Power Today: Have New Ethical Challenges Occured?», i Hayward, Joel (red): Air Power, Insurgency and the «War on Terror», Cranwell: Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies, s. 223-235 (13s)

US Air Force (2019). Annex 3-70 Strategic Attack, hentet 26.11.2019 fra https://www.doctrine.af.mil/Portals/61/documents/Annex_3-70/3-70-Annex-STRATEGIC-ATTACK.pdf, s. 1-18, 42-53 (30 s.)

I tillegg kommer inntil 100 sider med fagartikler innen tema 1.

 

Tema 2: Innføring i luftmilitær ledelse

Eid, J. (2005). Emosjoner, stress og mestring. I J. Eid & B.H. Johnsen (red). Operativ psykologi, (ss. 98-118). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget. (10s)

Firing, K. (2005). Skriving som refleksjonsform i erfaringsbasert lederutvikling.  I C. Moldjord, H. Nordvik & A. Gravråkmo. Militær ledelse og de menneskelige faktorene, (ss. 229-247). Trondheim: Tapir forlag. (19s)

Firing, K., & Lien, D. O. (2007). Pedagogisk grunnlagstenkning og veiledning. I K. Firing, K. Hellemsvik, & J. Haarberg (red.), Kryssild - Militært lederskap i en ny tid (ss. 259-274). Trondheim: Tapir forlag. (17s)

Forsvaret. (2006). Forsvarets pedagogiske grunnsyn. (FPG). Oslo: Forsvarets skolesenter. (57s).

Forsvarsstaben. (2012). Forsvarssjefens grunnsyn på ledelse i Forsvaret. Oslo: Forsvarsstaben. (13s)

Johnsen, B.H. og Pallesen, S. (2005). Individuelle forskjeller. I J. Eid & B.H. Johnsen (red). Operativ psykologi, (ss. 119-135). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget. (16s)

Laberg, J.C. (2005). Sosialpsykologi. I J. Eid & B.H. Johnsen (red). Operativ psykologi, (ss. 136-154). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget. (18s)

Luftforsvarsstaben. (1995). HFL 400-1 Håndbok i lederskap i Luftforsvaret. kap.1-2 (ss.23-101) og kap. 5-6 (ss.185-248) Oslo: Luftforsvarsstaben. (141s)

Maaø, O.J. (2005). Luftoperativ ledelse – på jakt etter innholdet i begrepet luftmilitær ledelse.  I C. Moldjord, H. Nordvik & A. Gravråkmo. Militær ledelse og de menneskelige faktorene, (ss. 269-289). Trondheim: Tapir forlag. (20s)

Moldjord, C. (2007). Affektbevissthet i ledelse. I K. Firing, K. Hellemsvik, & J. Haarberg (red.), Kryssild - Militært lederskap i en ny tid (ss. 215-234). Trondheim: Tapir forlag. (19s)

Skaalvik, E. M. & Skaalvik, S. (2005). Skolen som læringsarena. Selvoppfatning, motivasjon og læring. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. ss. 72-130. (60s)

Tema 3: Engelsk

Drew, Dennis M. (2008). 'Technology and the American Way of War'. I Air University Press. Hentet 01.10.20 fra http://www.jstor.com/stable/resrep13918.13  (9s).

Hagen, Anne M. (2019). ‘Towards a Narrative Method: Using Life-Writing in Military Education’. Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, 2(1), pp. 42-54. Hentet 02.10.20 fra https://doi.org/10.31374/sjms.7 (12s)

Hasford, G. (1979). ‘The Spirit of the Bayonet’. Bantam Books. (30s)

Gia. A. DiRosa and Goodwin, Gerald F. ‘Moving Away from Hazing: The Example of Military Initial Entry Training’. American Medical Association Journal of Ethics. March 2014, Volume 16, Number 3: 204-209. (6 s.)

Mandatory courseworkCourseworks givenCourseworks requiredPresence requiredComment
Paper1JaRequired
Annet - spesifiser i kommentarfeltet JaRequired
Muntlig fremlegg2JaRequired
Annet - spesifiser i kommentarfeltet1JaRequired
Obligatoriske arbeidskrav:
Mandatory coursework:Paper
Courseworks given:1
Courseworks required:Ja
Presence required:Required
Comment:
Mandatory coursework:Annet - spesifiser i kommentarfeltet
Courseworks given:
Courseworks required:Ja
Presence required:Required
Comment:
Mandatory coursework:Muntlig fremlegg
Courseworks given:2
Courseworks required:Ja
Presence required:Required
Comment:
Mandatory coursework:Annet - spesifiser i kommentarfeltet
Courseworks given:1
Courseworks required:Ja
Presence required:Required
Comment:
Form of assessmentGroupingDurationType of durationGrading scaleProportionOral examinationCommentSupported materials
Written examIndividual4HoursA-F6/10Not requiredQuestions from theme 1. None
Individual paper assignmentIndividual -A-F3/10Not requiredAll aids are allowedLinked to theme 2
Written examIndividual 1HoursA-F1/10Not requiredTheme 3. None
Vurderinger:
Form of assessment:Written exam
Grouping:Individual
Duration:4
Type of duration:Hours
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:6/10
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:Questions from theme 1.
Supported materials: None
Form of assessment:Individual paper assignment
Grouping:Individual
Duration:
Type of duration:-
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:3/10
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:All aids are allowed
Supported materials:Linked to theme 2
Form of assessment:Written exam
Grouping:Individual
Duration: 1
Type of duration:Hours
Grading scale:A-F
Proportion:1/10
Oral examination:Not required
Comment:Theme 3.
Supported materials:None
Authors: 
Ole Jørgen Maaø
Katrine Antonsen
Roger Lien
Vegard Finserås Rasdal